Los diferentes resultados en lsa habilidades de servicio de los tenistas jóvenes evaluadas según el género y la edad (The Differences Result in Serve Skill of Junior Tennis Players Assessed Based on Gender and Age)

Autores/as

  • Hendra Setyawan Setyawan UNY https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5637-9326
  • Hendra Setyawan Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5637-9326
  • Suharjana Suharjana Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)
  • Sugeng Purwanto Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)
  • Eka Novita Indra Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)
  • Sandi Prayudho Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)
  • José Vicente García-Jiménez University of Murcia (Spain) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7731-2609
  • Ratko Pavlovic University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4007-4595
  • Agnieszka Magdalena Nowak Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland
  • Nugroho Susanto Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP)
  • Arief Darmawan Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)
  • Abdul Aziz Purnomo Shidiq Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)
  • Andriansyah Andriansyah Universitas Islam Indragiri, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.102757

Palabras clave:

Serve, Tennis, Junior, Gender, Age

Resumen

Esta investigación tiene como objetivo determinar las diferencias en el rendimiento del servicio de los tenistas junior en función de la edad y el sexo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 60 hombres y mujeres de 10, 12 y 14 años. El instrumento de recolección de datos utilizado fue el test de rendimiento tenístico de Hewitt. Los resultados de la investigación muestran que la variable factor edad para los atletas de tenis junior tiene una Sig. Un valor de 0,00 < 0,05 significa que hay una diferencia significativa en los resultados del servicio del tenis juvenil. En la variable factor género, la Sig. El valor es 0,007 < 0,05, lo que significa que hay una diferencia significativa en los resultados de los servicios de tenis, según la Sig. El valor de la edad y el género es 0,977 > 0,05, lo que significa que no hay influencia ni interacción entre la edad y el género a la hora de determinar los resultados de las puntuaciones de los tiros de servicio de tenis. En conclusión, el servicio tiene un papel importante en el tenis. Este servicio se puede mejorar y entrenar a lo largo de la carrera de un jugador, desde principiante hasta profesional. Las diferencias son visibles entre hombres y mujeres desde una edad temprana. Según los resultados generales, los hombres pueden servir entre un 8% y un 10% mejor que las mujeres debido a la fuerza física, las habilidades de movimiento y la antropometría. Los jugadores masculinos tienen una velocidad de servicio más rápida y generan más puntos de servicio que las mujeres. Es causada por factores antropométricos: la altura y el peso se correlacionan con la velocidad del servicio en grupos de edad y género. La altura se asocia con un punto de impacto de servicio más alto para aumentar el éxito en el servicio.

Palabras clave: Servicio, Tenis, Junior, Género, Edad

Abstract. This research aims to determine the differences in serve performance of junior tennis players based on age and gender. The sample comprised 60 males and females aged 10, 12, and 14. The data collection instrument was Hewitt's tennis achievement test. The research showed that the age factor variable for junior tennis athletes had a Sig. Value of 0.00 < 0.05. It means that there is a significant difference in junior tennis serve results. In the gender factor variable, the Sig. Value was 0.007 < 0.05, which means a significant difference is found in the results of tennis serves. Furthermore, when combined, the Sig. Value of the age and gender was 0.977 > 0.05, which means there is no influence or interaction between age and gender in determining the results of tennis serve shot scores. In conclusion, the serve has an important role in tennis. This serve can be improved and trained throughout a player's career, from beginner to professional. The differences are visible between males and females from an early age. Based on the general result, males can serve 8-10% better than females because of physical strength, movement skills, and anthropometry. Male players have a faster serve speed and generate more serve points than females. It is caused by anthropometric factors where height and weight correlate with service speed in age and gender groups. In addition, height is associated with a higher serve impact point to increase success in serving.

Keywords: Serve, Tennis, Junior, Gender, Age

Biografía del autor/a

Hendra Setyawan Setyawan, UNY

Department of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University (UNY), Indonesia

Hendra Setyawan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)

Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Indonesia

Suharjana Suharjana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)

Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Indonesia

Sugeng Purwanto, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)

Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Indonesia

Eka Novita Indra, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)

Faculty of Sports Science, Yogyakarta State University (UNY), Indonesia

Sandi Prayudho, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)

Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY), Indonesia

José Vicente García-Jiménez, University of Murcia (Spain)

Faculty of Education, University of Murcia, Spain

Ratko Pavlovic, University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Agnieszka Magdalena Nowak, Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Josef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Poland

Nugroho Susanto, Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP)

Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Padang (UNP), Indonesia

Arief Darmawan, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)

Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM), Indonesia

Abdul Aziz Purnomo Shidiq, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS), Indonesia.

Andriansyah Andriansyah, Universitas Islam Indragiri, Indonesia

Department of Physical Education Health and Recreation, Universitas Islam Indragiri, Indonesia

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Publicado

2024-02-27

Cómo citar

Widiyanto, W., Setyawan, H., Suharjana, S., Purwanto, S., Indra, E. N., Prayudho, S., García-Jiménez, J. V., Pavlovic, R., Nowak, A. M., Susanto, N., Darmawan, A., Purnomo Shidiq, A. A., & Andriansyah, A. (2024). Los diferentes resultados en lsa habilidades de servicio de los tenistas jóvenes evaluadas según el género y la edad (The Differences Result in Serve Skill of Junior Tennis Players Assessed Based on Gender and Age). Retos, 54, 272–278. https://doi.org/10.47197/retos.v54.102757

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Artículos de carácter científico: trabajos de investigaciones básicas y/o aplicadas

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