https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/issue/feed RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte 2020-07-01T00:20:04+00:00 Ramón Cantó Alcaraz rcanto@ricyde.org Open Journal Systems Revista Científica Internacional de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte de acceso abierto (Open access) y periodicidad trimestral. ISSN 1885-3137. https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81635 Influencia de las modalidades de fútbol 7, 8 y 11 en la demanda técnico-táctica de jugadores de categoría alevín. [Influence of the modalities of soccer, seven-a-side, eight-a-side and eleven-a-side in the technical-tactical demand in U-12 soccer players]. 2020-07-01T00:13:22+00:00 Mario Sánchez-García msanchezga@upsa.es Javier Sánchez-Sánchez jsanchezsa@upsa.es <p align="justify">El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la influencia de las modalidades de juego aplicadas a la competición de fútbol en categoría alevín (sub-12) sobre la demanda técnico-táctica. Durante la temporada 2016-2017 se analizaron 18 partidos de fútbol masculino en España, 6 por modalidad (F11, n=6; F7, n=6; F8, n=6), registrando un total de 7.275 acciones técnico-tácticas. Las variables dependientes fueron agrupadas en variables ofensivas (inicio del juego, construcción del ataque, finalización y regates) y en variables defensivas (organización defensiva y recuperación de la posesión). Para analizar la diferencia entre variables en función del tipo de modalidad de juego, se utilizó la prueba ANOVA de una vía con post hoc de Tukey. Los principales resultados indicaron que F8 es una modalidad que potencia la ejecución de la fase ofensiva, y el inicio de juego y el ataque mediante pases cercanos. Por otra parte, F11 fomenta el inicio de juego realizado a través de pases lejanos y las jugadas de ataque mediante acciones técnicas individuales. Las acciones técnico-tácticas defensivas también están potenciadas en F8 realizándose más situaciones de repliegue y presión alta en esta modalidad. Las dimensiones del terreno de juego y el número de jugadores participantes son determinantes en las acciones técnico-tácticas de los jugadores de categoría alevín.</p><p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of the game modalities applied to the soccer competition in U-12 category on the technical-tactical demand. During the 2016-2017 season, 18 men's soccer matches in Spain were analyzed, 6 by modality (eleven-a-side, n = 6; seven-a-side, n = 6; eight-a-side, n = 6), recording a total of 7.275 technical-tactical actions. The dependent variables were grouped into offensive variables (start of the attack, progression of the attack, end of the attack and dribbles) and in defensive variables (defensive organization and recovery of possession). To analyze the difference between variables based on the type of game modality, the one-way ANOVA test with Tukey post hoc was used. The main results indicated that eight-a-side is a modality that enhances the execution of the offensive phase, and the build up and end of the attack through nearby passes. On the other hand, F11 encourages the start of the attack made through distant passes and attack moves through individual technical actions. Defensive technical actions are also enhanced in eight-a-side with more situations of withdrawal and high pressure in this modality. The dimensions of the pitch and the number of participating players are decisive in the technical-tactical actions of the U-12 soccer players.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06101" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06101</a></p><p><strong>Referencias/references</strong></p><p>Aguiar, M.; Gonçalves, B.; Botelho, G.; Lemmink, K., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2015). Footballers’ movement behaviour during 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-a-side small-sided games. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 33</em>(12), 1259–1266.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1022571">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1022571</a></p><p>Altman, D.G. (1991). <em>Practical Statistics for Medical Research</em>. Chapman and Hall, London.</p><p>Amatria, M. (2015). <em>Análisis observacional del desempeño técnico-táctico en la fase ofensiva de las modalidades de fútbol sala, fútbol 7 y fútbol 8, en categoría benjamín</em>. (Tesis Doctoral Inédita). Universidad de la Rioja (La Rioja).</p><p>Amieiro, N. (2007). <em>Defensa en zona en el fútbol.</em> Vigo: MC Sports.</p><p>Anguera, M.T. (1979). Observational typology. <em>Quality y Quantity</em>.<em> European-American Journal of Methodology, 13</em>(6), 449-484.</p><p>Anguera, M. T., &amp; Hernández-Mendo, A. (2013). Observational methodology in sport sciences. <em>E-Balonmano.com: Revista en Ciencias del Deporte,</em> <em>9</em>(3), 135–160. <a href="http://dehesa.unex.es/bitstream/handle/10662/7361/1885-7019_9_3_135.pdf?sequence=1&amp;isAllowed=y">ISSN: 1885-7019</a></p><p>Anguera, M.T., y Hernández-Mendo, A. (2015). Técnicas de análisis en estudios observaciones en ciencias del deporte. <em>Cuadernos de Psicología, 15</em>(1), 13-30. <a href="https://digitum.um.es/digitum/bitstream/10201/44307/1/223011-792821-1-PB.pdf">ISSN: 1989-5879</a></p><p>Ardá, A. (1998). <em>Análisis de patrones en fútbol a 7</em>. (Doctoral Dissertation). Universidad de la Coruña, La Coruña.</p><p>Baptista, J.; Travassos, B.; Gonçalves, B.; Mourao, P.; Viana, J. L., &amp; Sampaio, J. (in press). Exploring the effects of playing formations on tactical behaviour and external workload during football small-sided games. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research</em>.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002445">https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002445</a></p><p>Barbero-Álvarez, J.C.; López, M.G.; Castagna, C.; Barbero-Álvarez, V.; Romero, D.V.; Blanchfield, A.W., &amp; Nakamura, F.Y. (2017). Game demands of 7-a-side soccer in young players. <em>Journal Strength and Conditioning Research</em> <em>31</em>(7), 1771– 1779.<br /> <a href="https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Abstract/2017/07000/Game_Demands_of_Seven_A_Side_Soccer_in_Young.3.aspx">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001143</a></p><p>Barreira, D.; Garganta, J.; Castellano, J.; Prudente, J., y Anguera, M. T. (2014). Evolución del ataque en el fútbol de élite entre 1982 y 2010: aplicación del análisis secuencia de retardos. <em>Revista de Psicología del Deporte, 23</em>(1), 139-146.<br /> <a href="http://diposit.ub.edu/dspace/bitstream/2445/114846/1/629254.pdf">ISSN: 1132-239X</a></p><p>Bellistri, G.; Marzorati, M.; Sodero, L.; Sforza, C.; Bradley, P., &amp; Porcelli, S. (2016). Match running performance and physical capacity profiles of U8 and U10 soccer players. <em>Sport Sciences for Health,</em> 1-8.<br /> <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11332-016-0328-3">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-016-0328-3</a>.</p><p>Capranica, L.; Tessitore, A.; Guidetti, L., &amp; Figura, F. (2001). Heart rate and match analysis in pre-pubescent soccer players. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 19</em>(6), 379-384.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101300149339" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101300149339</a>.</p><p>Casamichana, D., &amp; Castellano, J. (2010). Time-motion, heart rate, perceptual and motor behaviour demands in small-sides soccer games: Effects of pitch size. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 28</em>(14), 1615-1623.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521168">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.521168</a></p><p>Castañer, M.; Barreira, D.; Camerino, O.; Anguera, M.T.; Canton, A., &amp; Hileno, R. (2016). Goal Scoring in soccer: a polar coordinate analysis of motor skills used by Lionel Messi. <em>Frontiers in Psychology, 7</em>(806), 1-10. <br /><a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.3389%2Ffpsyg.2016.00806" target="pmc_ext">https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00806</a></p><p>Castellano, J., &amp; Pic, M. (2019). Identification and Preference of Game Styles in La Liga Associated with Match Outcomes. <em>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16</em>(24), 5090.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245090">https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245090</a>.</p><p>Cohen, J. (1988). <em>Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences</em>. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.</p><p>Da Silva, C.; Impellizzeri, F.; Natali, A.J.; De Lima, J.; Bara-Filho, M.; Silami-García, E., &amp; Marins, J. (2011). Exercise intensity and technical demands of small-side games in Young brazilian soccer players: effect of number of players, maturation, and reliability. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25</em>(10), 7246-7251.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21912285">https://doi.org/ 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31820da061.</a></p><p>Dellal, A.; Hill-Haas, S.; Lago-Peñas, C., &amp; Chamari, K. (2011). Small-Sided Games in Soccer: Amateur vs. Professional Players´Physiological Responses, Physical, and Technical Activities. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25</em>(9), 2371-2381.<br /> <a href="https://journals.lww.com/nsca-jscr/Fulltext/2011/09000/Small_Sided_Games_in_Soccer__Amateur_vs_.4.aspx">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4296</a></p><p>Impellizzeri, F.; Natali, A.J.; De Lima, J.; Bara-Filho, M.; Silami-García, E., &amp; Marins, J. (2011). Exercise intensity and technical demands of small-side games in Young brazilian soccer players: effect of number of players, maturation, and reliability. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25</em>(10), 7246-7251.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21912285">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31820da061.</a></p><p>Etxeazarra, I.; Castellano, J., y Usabiaga, O. (2012). <em>Investigación e innovación en el deporte, Chapter: Benjamines en las modalidades de fútbol 5 y 7, ¿juegan a lo mismo?</em> Publisher: Paidotribo, Editors: Martínez de Aldama, I., Cayero, R. y Calleja-González, J., 170-178.</p><p>Febré, R.; Chirosa, L. J.; Casamichana, D.; Chirosa, I.; Marín-Tamayo, I., y Pablos, C. (2015). Influencia de la densidad de jugadores sobre la frecuencia cardíaca y respuestas técnicas en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. <em>RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte. 40</em>(11), 116-128.<br /> <a href="/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/35115">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde</a></p><p>Fernández-Navarro, J.; Fradua, L.; Zubillaga, A., &amp; McRobert, A. P. (2018). Influence of contextual variables on styles of play in soccer. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18</em>(3), 1-14.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1479925">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1479925</a></p><p>Fernández-Navarro, J.; Fradua, L.; Zubillaga, A.; Ford, P. R.; &amp; McRobert, A. P. (2016). Attacking and defensive styles of play in soccer: analysis of Spanish and English elite teams. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 34</em>(24), 2195-2204.<br /> <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2016.1169309">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1169309</a></p><p>Folgado, H.; Gonçalves, B., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2018). Positional synchronization affects physical and physiological responses to preseason in professional football (soccer). <em>Research in Sports Medicine, 26</em>(1), 51-63.<br /> <a href="http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29058465">https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2017.1393754</a></p><p>Gabin, B.; Camerino, O.; Anguera, M. T., y Castañer, M. (2012). Lince: multiplatform sport analysis software. <em>Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46</em>, 4692-4694.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.320" target="_blank">https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.320</a></p><p>González-Villora, S.; García-López, L. M.; Gutiérrez-Díaz, D., y Contreras-Jordán, O. R. (2010). Estudio descriptivo sobre el desarrollo táctico y la toma de decisiones en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol (12 años). <em>Infancia y Aprendizaje, 33</em>(4), 489-501.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1174/021037010793139644">https://doi.org/ 10.1174/021037010793139644</a></p><p>González-Villora, S.; Gutiérrez-Díaz, D.; Pastor, J. C., y Fernández, J. (2007). Análisis funcional de los deportes de invasión: importancia del subsistema técnico-táctico en el juego. Concreción en el Fútbol. <em>Retos, Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 12</em>, 18-28. ISSN: 1579-1726</p><p>Helgerud, J.; Engen, L.C.; Wisløff, U., &amp; Hoff, J. (2001). Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. <em>Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33</em>(11), 1925-1931.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200111000-00019" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200111000-00019</a></p><p>Hodgson, C.; Akenhead, R., &amp; Thomas, K. (2014). Time-motion analysis of acceleration demands of 4v4 small-sided soccer games played on different pitch sizes. <em>Human Movement Science, 33</em>(2), 25-32.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2013.12.002"> https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2013.12.002</a>.</p><p>IFAB. (2016). Reglas del Juego 2016/2017. Zúrich (Suiza): FIFA.</p><p>Katis, A., &amp; Kellis, E. (2009). Effects of small-sided games on physical conditioning and performance in young soccer players. <em>Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8</em>(3), 374-380. PMID:<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3763282/">2415000</a></p><p>Kelly, D. M., &amp; Drust, B. (2009). The effect of pitch dimensions on heart rate responses and technical demands of small-sided soccer games in elite players. <em>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12</em>(4), 475-479.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18356102">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.01.010.</a></p><p>Lago-Peñas, C., y Martín-Acero, R. (2005). Análisis de las variables determinantes en el fútbol de alto rendimiento; el tiempo de posesión del balón (abriendo la caja negra del fútbol). <em>Revista de Entrenamiento Deportivo, 19</em>(2), 13-20. <br /><a href="https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1221797">ISSN 1133-0619</a>.</p><p>Landis, J.R., &amp; Koch, G.G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. <em>Biometrics,</em> <em>33</em>(1), 159-174.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/843571">PMID: 843571</a></p><p>Lapresa, D. (2009). Hacia una optimización del modelo de competiciones en fútbol. In <em>II Congreso Internacional de Deportes de Equipo.</em> La Coruña: Universidad de la Coruña, Editorial y Centro de Formación Alto Rendimiento.</p><p>Lapresa, D.; Álvarez, I.; Anguera, M.T.; Arana, J., &amp; Garzón, B. (2015). Comparative analysis of the use of space in 7-a-side and 8-a-side soccer: how to determine minimum sample size in observational methodology. <em>Motricidade, 11</em>(4), 92-103.<br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.4138">https://doi.org/dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.4138</a></p><p>Lapresa, D.; Arana, J., y Garzón, B. (2006). El fútbol 9 como alternativa al fútbol 11, a partir del estudio de la utilización del espacio de juego. <em>Apunts, 86</em>(4), 34-44. <a href="https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/41584437.pdf">ISSN-1577-4015</a></p><p>Lapresa, D.; Arana, J.; Garzón, B.; Egüen, R., y Amatria, M. (2008). <em>Enseñando a jugar “el fútbol”: Hacia una iniciación coherente</em>. Logroño: Universidad de la Rioja y Real Federación Española de Fútbol.</p><p>Lapresa, D.; Arana, J.; Garzón, B.; Egüen, R., y Amatria, M. (2010). Adaptando la competición en la iniciación al fútbol: estudio comparativo de las modalidades de fútbol 3 y fútbol 5 en categoría prebenjamín. <em>Apunts, 101</em>(3), 43-56. <br /><a href="https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/5516/551656925006.pdf">ISSN-1577-4015</a></p><p>Lapresa, D.; Arana, J.; Ugarte, J., y Garzón, B. (2009). Análisis comparativo de la acción ofensiva en F-7 y F-8, en la categoría alevín. <em>Retos, Nuevas tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 16</em>, 97-103. <br /><a href="https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258448034_La_alternativa_del_futbol_9_para_el_primer_ano_de_la_categoria_infantil/figures?lo=1">ISNN-1577-4015</a></p><p>Malina, R.; Bouchard, C., &amp; Bar-Or, O. (2004). <em>Growth, maturation, and physical activity</em>. United Kingdom: Human Kinetics.</p><p>Meléndez, G. (2001). Pautas para la organización de una escuela de fútbol base. In <em>I jornadas Universidad de la Rioja – Federación Riojana de Fútbol</em>. Logroño. Universidad de la Rioja.</p><p>Owen, A.; Twist, C., &amp; Ford, P. (2004). Small-sided games: the physiological and technical effect of altering pitch size and player numbers. <em>Insight, 7</em>(2), 50-53.<br /> <a href="https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e85e/6700cb62c0b3630c8f8e52396cc33baf301b.pdf">UDC 796.332:576.8.095</a></p><p>Owen, A.; Wong, D. P.; McKenna, M., &amp; Dellal, A. (2011). Heart rate responses and technical comparison between small-vs. Large-sided games in elite profesional soccer. <em>The Journal of Strength y Conditioning Research, 25</em>(8), 2104-2110.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21642858">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181f0a8a3.</a></p><p>Perarnau, M. (2016). <em>Pep Guardiola. La metamorfosis</em>. Barcelona: Roca Editorial.</p><p>Pic, M. (2018). Performance and home advantage in handball. Journal of human kinetics, <em>63</em>(1), 61-71. <br /><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162984/">https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2018-0007</a></p><p>Pic, M., &amp;<span style="text-decoration: underline;"> Lave</span>ga-Burgués, P. (2019). Estimating motor competence through motor games. <em>RICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte</em>, <em>55</em>(15), 5-19.<br /> <a href="/REVISTA/05501.pdf">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde</a></p><p>Platt, D.; Maxwell, A.; Horn, R.; Williams, M., &amp; Reilly, T. (2001). Physiological and technical analysis of 3 v 3 and 5 v 5 youth football matches. <em>Insight, 4</em>(4), 23-24.</p><p>Robles, F., y Castellano, J. (2012). Comparación entre el juego ofensivo de la selección española de fútbol y sus rivales en la Eurocopa'08 y Mundial'10. <em>Revista Iberoamericana de Psicología del Ejercicio y el Deporte, 7</em>(2), 307-322. <a href="https://accedacris.ulpgc.es/bitstream/10553/10030/2/0537108_20122_0006.pdf">ISSN: 1886-8576</a></p><p>Sainz de Baranda, P.; Ortega, E.; Llopis, L.; Novo, J. F., y Rodríguez, D. (2005). Análisis de las acciones defensivas del portero en el fútbol 7. <em>Apunts, 80</em>(2), 45-52. <a href="https://www.raco.cat/index.php/ApuntsEFD/article/viewFile/300960/390406">ISNN-1577-4015</a></p><p>Sánchez, M. (2017). <em>Análisis de la demanda física, técnico-táctica y psicológica de las modalidades de F-11, F-7 y F-8 en categoría alevín: Hacia una propuesta de unificación del modelo competitivo </em>(Tesis Doctoral Inédita). Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (Salamanca).</p><p>Sánchez, M.; García, J.A.; Carcedo, R.; Hernández, D.; Carretero, M., &amp; Sánchez-Sánchez, J. (2019). Is It Decisive the Modality of Competition U-12 in the Dribble of Soccer Players? <em>Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte</em>, <em>19</em>(75), 431-443.<br /> <a href="http://cdeporte.rediris.es/revista/revista75/artdeterminante1038.htm">https://doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2019.75.004.</a></p><p>Sánchez, M.; Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Carcedo, R.J., y García, J.A. (<em>in press</em>). Clima, orientación motivacional y diversión en futbolistas alevines. <em>Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte</em>.</p><p>Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Yagüe, J., y Molinero, O. (2013). Estudio del nivel de diversión generado por la aplicación de un programa de entrenamiento técnico y otro táctico en futbolistas jóvenes. <em>Cuadernos de Psicología Del Deporte, 13</em>(1), 95–102. <br /><a href="http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/cpd/v13n1/art09.pdf">ISSN: 1578-8423</a></p><p>Sánchez-Sánchez, J.; Yagüe, J.M.; Fernández, R.C., y Petisco, C. (2014). Efectos de un entrenamiento con juegos reducidos sobre la técnica y la condición física de jóvenes futbolistas. <em>RICYDE, </em>37: 221–234.<br /> <a href="/REVISTA/ojs/index.php/ricyde/article/view/652">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde</a></p><p>Serra-Olivares, J.; García-López, L.M., &amp; Gonçalves, B. (2019). Effects of the players’ level and age group category on positional tactical behaviour during 7- and 8-a-side football youth games, <em>International</em> <em>Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 19</em>(2), 236-247. <br /><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/24748668.2019.1593095?journalCode=rpan20">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2019.1593095</a></p><p>Silva, A.; Sánchez-Bañuelos, F.; Garganta, J., y Anguera, M.T. (2005). Patrones de juego en el fútbol de alto rendimiento. Análisis secuencial del proceso ofensivo en el campeonato del mundo Corea-Japón 2002. <em>Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte, 1</em>(2), 65-72. I<a href="https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1995642">SSN 1696-5043.</a></p><p>Silva, P.; Chung, D.; Carvalho, T.; Cardoso, T.; Davids, K.; Araujo, D., &amp; Garganta, J. (2016). Practice effects on intra-team synergies in football teams. <em>Human Movement Science, 46</em>, 39–51.<br /> <a href="http://shura.shu.ac.uk/13085/7/Davids%20practice%20effects%20on%20intra-team.pdf">https://doi.org/10.1016 / j.humov.2015.11.017</a></p><p>Tessitore, A.; Meeusen, R.; Piacentini, M. F.; Demarie, S., &amp; Capranica L. (2006). Physiological and technical aspects of ‘‘6- a-side’’ soccer drills. <em>Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 46</em>(1), 36-43.<br /> <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16596097">PMID: 16596097</a></p><p>Tierney, P.J.; Young, A.; Clarke, N.D., &amp; Duncan, M.J. (2016). Match play demands 11 versus 11 professional football using Global Positioning System Tracking: Variations across common playing formations. <em>Human Movement Science, 49</em>, 1-8. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.05.007" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.05.007</a></p><p>Vilar, L.; Duarte, R.; Silva, P.; Chow, J., &amp; Davids, K. (2014). The influence of pitch dimensions on performance during small-sided and conditioned soccer games. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 32</em>(19), 1751-1759.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.918640" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.918640.</a></p><p>Wein, H. (2006). <em>Developing Youth Football Players</em>. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics.</p> 2020-03-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81636 Game phases performance in men’s volleyball: from initial to top-level categories. [Rendimiento de las fases de juego en voleibol masculino: desde la iniciación hasta las categorías de alto rendimiento]. 2020-07-01T00:16:19+00:00 Antonio Garcia de Alcaraz antoniogadealse@gmail.com Enrique Ortega eortega@um.es José Manuel Palao jmpalao@gmail.com <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">This study aimed to analyze the evolution of the game phases performance and the way of scoring points throughout different age groups and levels of competition in male volleyball. The sample was 53,320 game phases performed in 299 sets from five competition categories (national under-14, national under-16, national under-19, senior national and senior international). An observational design was used. The variables were: competition category, game phase performance, and way that points were scored. The higher the category, the higher the points in attack and side-out phase (from 48.37% -U14- to 69.61% -senior international-) and the lower points by the serving team (from 51.63% -U14- to 30.39% -senior international-). The opponent errors decreased as move to higher categories. The greater differences were observed between initial stages (under-14, under-16, and under-19) and senior categories. The cause of these results is related to the increase of the points scored by the attack in the side-out phase. The contributions of the different actions change through the developmental process from initial to top-level categories. This information may be useful to understand the technical-tactical training progression and to evaluate the long term athlete development of male volleyball players.</p><p><strong>Resumen</strong></p><p align="justify">Este estudio trató de analizar la evolución del rendimiento de las fases de juego y la forma de puntuar a lo largo de diferentes grupos de edad y niveles de competición en voleibol masculino. La muestra fue de 53.320 fases de juego realizadas en 299 sets en cinco categorías de competición (nacional sub-14, nacional sub-16, nacional sub-19, senior nacional y senior internacional). Se empleó un diseño observacional. Las variables fueron: categoría de competición, rendimiento de la fase de juego, y forma de puntuar. A mayor categoría de competición, se registraron más puntos de ataque y salida de recepción (desde 48.37% -sub-14- hasta 69.61% -senior internacional-), y menos puntos para el equipo sacador (from 51.63% - sub-14- to 30.39% -senior internacional-). Los errores del oponente disminuyeron conforme se avanzó a categorías superiores. Las mayores diferencias se observaron entre las categorías iniciales (sub-14, sub-16, y sub-19) y las categorías senior. La causa de estos resultados se relaciona con el incremento de puntos anotados en ataque y en la fase de salida de recepción. La contribución de las diferentes acciones de juego varía a lo largo del proceso de desarrollo que hay entre las etapas de iniciación y las categorías de máximo nivel. Esta información podría ser de utilidad para comprender la progresión en el entrenamiento técnico-táctico y para evaluar el desarrollo del deportista a largo plazo en jugadores de voleibol masculino.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06102" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06102</a></p><p><strong>References/referencias</strong></p><p>Afonso, J.; Mesquita, I., &amp; Palao, J. M. (2005). Relationship between the use of commit-block and the numbers of blockers and block effectiveness. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport</em>, <em>5</em>(2), 36-45.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2005.11868326" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2005.11868326</a></p><p>Anguera, M.T. (2003). Observational methods (general). In R. Fernández-Ballesteros (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychological Assessment, 2, (pp.632-637). London: Sage.</p><p>Castro, J. M.; Souza, A., &amp; Mesquita, I. (2011). Attack efficacy in volleyball: elite male teams. <em>Perceptual and Motor Skills, 113</em>(2), 395-408.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.2466/05.25.PMS.113.5.395-408" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.2466/05.25.PMS.113.5.395-408</a></p><p>Costa, G.; Caetano, J.; Neiva, N.; Junqueira, G.; Afonso, J.; Costa, P., &amp; Mesquita, I. (2011). Determinants of attack tactics in youth male elite volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11</em>(1), 96-104.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868532" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868532</a></p><p>Durkovic, T.; Marelic, N., &amp; Resetar, T. (2008). Influence of the position of players in rotation on differences between winning and losing teams in volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 8</em>(2), 8-15.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2008.11868431" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2008.11868431</a></p><p>Durkovic, T.; Marelic, N., &amp; Resetar, T. (2009). Rotation analysis of teams' performance at 2003 youth European volleyball championship. <em>Kinesiology, 41</em>(1), 60-66.</p><p>FIVB (2016). Official volleyball rules. Retrieved from:<br /> <a href="http://www.fivb.org">http://www.fivb.org</a></p><p>García-de-Alcaraz, A.; Ortega, E., &amp; Palao, J. M. (2015). Effect of age group on male volleyball players' technical-tactical performance profile for the spike. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport</em>, <em>15</em>(2), 668-686.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868823" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868823</a></p><p>García-de-Alcaraz, A.; Ortega, E., &amp; Palao, J. M. (2016). Effect of age group on technical-tactical performance profile of the serve in men’s volleyball. <em>Perceptual and Motor Skills</em>, <em>123</em>(2), 508-525.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/0031512516660733">https://doi.org/10.1177/0031512516660733</a></p><p>García-Alcaraz, A.; Palao, J. M. &amp; Ortega, E. (2014). [Technical-tactical performance profile of reception in different age groups and competition categories in men's volleyball]. Kronos, 13(1), online publication.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0027">https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0027</a></p><p>García-de-Alcaraz, A.; Valadés, D., &amp; Palao, J. M. (2017). Evolution of game’s demands from young to elite players in male volleyball. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance</p><p>González-Silva, J.; Moreno, A.; Fernández-Echeverría, C.; Claver, F., &amp; Moreno, M. P. (2016). Analysis of setting efficacy in young male and female volleyball players. <em>Journal of Human Kinetics</em>, <em>53</em>(1), 189-200.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2016-0022">https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2016-0022</a></p><p>Grgantov, Z.; Katic, R., &amp; Jankovic, V. (2006). Morphological characteristics, technical and situation efficacy of young female volleyball players. <em>Collegium Antropologicum, 1</em>, 87-96.</p><p>Hopkins, W. G.; Marshall, S. W.; Batterham, A. M., &amp; Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. <em>Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise</em>, <em>41</em>(1), 3–12.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278">https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278</a></p><p>Katsikadelli, A. (1995). Tactical analysis of the attackserve in high-level volleyball. <em>Journal of Human Movement Studies</em>, 29, 219-228.</p><p>Laios, Y., &amp; Kountouris, P. (2010). Association between the line-up of the players and the efficiency of the serving team in volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 10</em>(1), 1-8.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2010.11868496">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2010.11868496</a></p><p>Laios, Y., &amp; Kountouris, P. (2011). Receiving and serving team efficiency in volleyball in relation to team rotation. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11</em>(3), 553-561.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868573">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2011.11868573</a></p><p>Lidor, R., &amp; Ziv, G. (2010). Physical characteristics and physiological attributes of adolescent volleyball players - a review. <em>Pediatric Exercise Science, 22</em>(1), 114-134.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.22.1.114" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.22.1.114</a></p><p>Marcelino, R.; Mesquita, I.; Castro, J. &amp; Sampaio, J. (2008). Sequential analysis in volleyball attack performance: a log-linar analysis. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 26</em>(1), S83-S84.</p><p>Millán-Sánchez, A.; Morante, J. C.; Álvarez, M.; Femia, P., &amp; Ureña, A. (2015). Participation in terminal actions according to the role of the player and his location on the court in top-level men's volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport</em>, <em>15</em>(2), 608-619.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868818">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868818</a></p><p>Nikolaidis, P. T.; Afonso, J.; Buśko, K.; Ingebrigtsen, J.; Chtourou, H., Martin, J. J. (2015). Positional differences of physical traits and physiological characteristics in female volleyball players – the role of age. <em>Kinesiology,</em> 47(1), 75-81.</p><p>Palao, J. M. (2004). [Effect of game phases and setter position on volleyball performance in competition]. Rendimiento deportivo, 9, 42-52.</p><p>Palao, J. M.; Manzanares, P., &amp; Ortega, E. (2009). Techniques used and efficacy of volleyball skills in relation to gender. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 9</em>(2), 281-293.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2009.11868484">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2009.11868484</a></p><p>Palao, J. M., &amp; Martínez, S. (2013). [Use of jump set regarding competition level in men´s volleyball]. <em>SportTK, 2</em>(1), 43-49.</p><p>Palao, J. M.; Santos, J. A., &amp; Ureña, A. (2004). Effect of team level on skill performance in volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis of Sport, 4</em>(2), 50-60.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2004.11868304" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2004.11868304</a></p><p>Palao, J. M.; Santos, J. A., &amp; Ureña, A. (2006). Effect of reception and dig efficacy on spike performance and manner of execution in volleyball. <em>Journal of Human Movement Studies, 51</em>(4), 221-238.</p><p>Palao, J. M.; Santos, J. A., &amp; Ureña, A. (2007). Effect of the manner of spike execution on spike performance in volleyball. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 7</em>(2), 126-138.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2007.11868402">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2007.11868402</a></p><p>Sheppard, J. M.; Chapman, D. W.; Gough, C.; McGuigan, M. R., Newton, R. U. (2009). Twelve-month training-induced changes in elite international volleyball players. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23</em>(7), 2096-2101.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b86d98" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b86d98</a></p><p>Stamm, M.; Stamm, R., &amp; Koskel, S. (2008). Proficiency assessment of male volleyball teams of the 13-15-year age group at Estonian championships. <em>Physical Education and Sport, 52,</em> 35-38.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.2478/v10030-008-0008-4">https://doi.org/10.2478/v10030-008-0008-4</a></p><p>Stamm, R.; Stamm, M., &amp; Thomson, K. (2005). Role of adolescent female volleyball players' psychophysiological properties and body build in performance of different elements of the game. <em>Perceptual and Motor Skills, 101</em>, 108-120.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.2466/PMS.101.5.108-120" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.2466/PMS.101.5.108-120</a></p><p>Travassos, B.; Davids, K.; Araújo, D., &amp; Esteves, T. P. (2013). Performance analysis in team sports: Advances from an Ecological Dynamics approach. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport</em>, <em>13</em>(1), 83-95.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868633" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868633</a></p><p>Rodríguez-Ruiz, D.; Quiroga, M.; Miralles, J. A.; Sarmiento, S.; de Saa, Y. &amp; García-Manso, J. M. (2011). Study of the technical and tactical variables determining set win or loss in top-level European men’s volleyball. <em>Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 7</em>(1), 1-15.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1281">https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1281</a></p><p> </p> 2020-04-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81637 La cobertura informativa de las deportistas durante los Juegos Olímpicos. [News Coverage of Women Athletes during the Olympic Games]. 2020-07-01T00:17:12+00:00 Elena Calvo-Ortega elenacalvortega@gmail.com <p align="justify">El objetivo de la investigación es analizar la representación e importancia de las noticias protagonizadas por mujeres deportistas en comparación con sus homólogos masculinos en los informativos de televisión de las principales cadenas del territorio español en el período olímpico y, en concreto, durante los Juegos Olímpicos de Río de Janeiro en 2016. Para ello, se realizó un análisis de contenido sobre un total de 861 informaciones. Los resultados mostraron un incremento de la cobertura informativa del deporte femenino durante el período olímpico con respecto a la información diaria, apareciendo especialmente en aquellos deportes asociados a la feminidad. Este incremento en la cobertura es debido a factores como la exaltación nacionalista y el éxito deportivo, pero sin llegar a superar la cantidad de cobertura que recibe el deporte masculino. Del mismo modo, destaca la equidad en la importancia dada a las informaciones, por la relevancia de los eventos y éxitos obtenidos por el equipo nacional femenino. Dichos resultados demuestran el carácter puntual de las informaciones sobre deporte femenino cuando obtienen un éxito de tal relevancia que es imposible ignorar. Aun así, dichos resultados continúan contrastando con el balance superior de medallas olímpicas que recibieron las deportistas españolas durante dichos Juegos.  </p><p class="Keywords"><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">The objective of the research is to analyze the representation and importance of news about women athletes compared to their male counterparts in the television sports coverage by the main generalist channels in Spain during the Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games (2016). To do so, the technique of content analysis was used on a total of 861 news items. The results of the research showed an increased in the amount of coverage of sportswomen during the Olympic period with respect to the daily information provided outside the Olympic period, especially in those sports traditionally associated with femininity. This increase in coverage can be ascribed to factors such as patriotic fervour and sporting success, and never exceeded the amount of coverage received by men's sports. There is, however, a certain equity between the sexes in terms of the importance given to the news, owing to the relevance of sporting events and the successes of the national women's team during this period. These results demonstrate the fleeting nature of news about women in sports, limited to when they compete or obtain a win of such importance that it is impossible to ignore and not devote time to it. Even so, these results contrast with the fact that more Olympic medals were won by Spanish women than men at the Olympic Games held in Rio de Janeiro 2016.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06103" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06103</a></p><p><strong>Referencias/references</strong></p><p class="dx-doi">Adams, C.; Ashton, M.; Lupton H., &amp; Pollack, H. (2014). Sport is king: an investigation into local media coverage of women´s sport in the UK East Midlands. <em>Journal of Gender Studies,</em> <em>23</em>(4), 422-439.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2013.795114" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2013.795114</a></p><p>Angulo, M. (2007). <em>Las imágenes de las deportistas en los medios de comunicación</em>. Madrid: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia, Consejo Superior de Deportes.</p><p>Alfaro Gandarillas, E.; Bengoechea Bartolomé, M., y Vázquez Gómez, B. (2010). <em>Hablamos de deporte en femenino y en masculino</em>. Madrid: Instituto de la Mujer.</p><p>Asesores Prensa, Imagen y Comunicación-ASPIC. (2014). <em>Presencia y tratamiento del deporte femenino en la prensa generalista vasca y en periódicos de información deportiva. </em>País Vasco: Dirección de Juventud y Deportes del Gobierno Vasco.</p><p>Aztiker (2011). <em>¿Cumple el grupo público de comunicación EITB su labor informativa como sector público? Estudio sobre el protagonismo y representación de las mujeres y hombres en los informativos de EITB. </em>País Vasco: Ipar Hegoa and LAB.</p><p>Barbero González, M.A. (2015). <em>Tratamiento informativo del deporte femenino español en los Juegos Olímpicos de Verano en el Diario ABC (1924-2012) (Tesis doctoral)</em>. Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.</p><p>Barbero González, M.A. (2017). Los Juegos Olímpicos de Río 2016: la explosión del deporte femenino español en El Diario ABC. <em>Citius, altius, forties, </em><em>10</em>(1), 39-50.<br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/citius2017.10.1.003" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/citius2017.10.1.003</a></p><p>Billings, A.C.; Angelini, J.R., &amp; Duke, A.H. (2010). Gendered Profiles of Olympic History: Sportscaster Dialogue in the 2008 Beijing Olympics. <em>Journal of Broadcasting y Electronic Media, </em><em>54</em>(1), 9-23.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150903550352" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150903550352</a></p><p>Billings, A.C., &amp; Eastman, S.T. (2002). Selective representation of gender, ethnicity, and nationality in american television coverage of the 2000 summer Olympics. <em>International Review for the Sociology of Sport, </em><em>37</em>(4), 351-370.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/101269020203700302" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1177/101269020203700302</a></p><p>Bruce, T.; Hovden, J., &amp; Markula, P. (2010). <em>Sportswomen at the Olympics: A Global Content Analysis of Newspaper Coverage</em>. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.</p><p>Consejo Audiovisual de Andalucía-CAA. (2008). <em>Estudio sobre género y deporte en televisión</em>. Andalucía: Consejo Audiovisual de Andalucía.</p><p>Consejo Audiovisual de Andalucía-CAA. (2014). <em>Informe sobre el pluralismo deportivo en las televisiones andaluzas</em>. Andalucía: Consejo Audiovisual de Andalucía.</p><p class="dx-doi">Capranica, L.; Minganti, C.; Billat, V.; Hanghoj, S.; Piacentini, M.F.; Cumps, E. &amp; Meeusen, R. (2013). Newspaper Coverage of Women´s Sports During the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. <em>Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport</em>, <em>76</em>(2), 212-223.<br />   <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2005.10599282" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2005.10599282</a></p><p class="dx-doi">Chiang, Y.; Bairner, A.; Hwang, D., &amp; Chen, T. (2015). Multiple margins: sport, gender and nationalism in Taiwan. <em>Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science, 4</em>(1), 19-33.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/21640599.2014.1000646" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/21640599.2014.1000646</a></p><p>Cooky, C.; Messner, M.A., &amp; Musto, M. (2015). It’s dude time! A quarter century of excluding women’s sports in televised news and highlight shows. <em>Communication y Sport, </em><em>3</em>(3), 261-287.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/2167479515588761" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1177/2167479515588761</a></p><p>Comité Olímpico Español-COE (2018). Camino a Tokio 2020. Recuperado el 15 de enero de 2018, de <br /><a href="http://www.coe.es/web/EVENTOSHOME.nsf/home2012?OpenForm" target="_blank">http://www.coe.es/web/EVENTOSHOME.nsf/home2012?OpenForm</a></p><p>Coronado Ruiz, C. (2013). Mussolini las quiere deportistas: Mujer y deporte en los noticiarios cinematográficos Luce (1928-1943). <em>Feminismo/s, </em>(21), 183-203.<br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/fem.2013.21.10" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.14198/fem.2013.21.10</a><em><strong> </strong></em></p><p>Consejo Superior de Deportes-CSD. (2019). Deporte federado y de alta competición. Resumen datos estadísticos de la memoria de 2016<em>. </em>Recuperado el 27 de junio de 2018. de <br /><a href="https://www.csd.gob.es/es" target="_blank">https://www.csd.gob.es/es</a></p><p>Fink, J.S. (2015). Female athletes, women's sport, and the sport media commercial complex: Have we really come a long way, baby? <em>Sport Management Review, </em><em>18</em>(3), 331-342.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2014.05.001" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smr.2014.05.001</a><em><strong> </strong></em></p><p>Franquet, R.; Luzón i Fernández, V., y Ramajo Hernández, N. (2007). La información en los principales medios de comunicación on-line. Estudiar la representación de género. <em>Zer-Revista de Estudios de Comunicación, </em><em>12</em>(22), 267-282.</p><p>Gerbner, G., &amp; Gross, L. (1976). Living with television: The violence profile. En H. Newcomb (Ed.), <em>Television: The Critical View </em>(pp. 172-194). New York: Oxford University Press.</p><p>Greer, J.D.; Hardin, M., &amp; Homan, C. (2009). Naturally less exciting? Visual production of men's and women's track and field coverage during the 2004 Olympics. <em>Journal of Broadcasting y Electronic Media, </em><em>53</em>(2), 173-189.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150902907595" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150902907595</a></p><p class="dx-doi">Hedenborg, S. (2013). The Olimpic Games in London 2012 from a Swedish Media Perspective. The <em>International Journal of the History of Sport,</em> <em>30</em>(7), 789-804.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2013.773889" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2013.773889</a></p><p class="dx-doi">Honorata, J. (2015). Are women still the other sex: gender and sport in the Polish mass media. <em>Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics,</em> <em>18</em>(2), 168- 185.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2013.854464" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2013.854464</a></p><p class="dx-doi">Hovden, J., &amp; Von der Lippe, G. (2017). The gendering of media sport in the Nordic countries. <em>Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics</em>, <em>22</em>(4), 625-638.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2017.1389046" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2017.1389046</a></p><p>Ibáñez, E. (2001). Información sobre deporte femenino: El gran olvido. <em>Apunts.Educación Física y Deportes, </em><em>3</em>(65), 111-113.</p><p>Jones, A.H. (2011). Visual and Verbal Gender Cues in the Televised Coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics. <em>International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences,</em><em> 6</em>(2), 199-216.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.18848/1833-1882/CGP/v06i02/52015" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.18848/1833-1882/CGP/v06i02/52015</a></p><p>Jones, D. (2013). Online coverage of the 2008 Olympic Games on the ABC, BBC, CBC and TVNZ. <em>Pacific Journalism Review, </em><em>19</em>(1), 244-263.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.24135/pjr.v19i1.248" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.24135/pjr.v19i1.248</a><em><strong> </strong></em></p><p>Kian, E.T.M.; Mondello, M., &amp; Vincent, J. (2009). ESPN. The Women's Sports Network? A Content Analysis of Internet Coverage of March Madness. <em>Journal of Broadcasting y Electronic Media, </em><em>53</em>(3), 477-495.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150903102519" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/08838150903102519</a><em><strong> </strong></em></p><p>Krippendorff, K. (1990). <em>Metodología del análisis de contenido. Teoría y práctica</em>. Barcelona: Paidós.</p><p>Lallana del Río, I. (2012). La influencia de los medios de comunicación en el rendimiento deportivo femenino. El refuerzo de los estereotipos sociales. En A. Larrondo, y K. Meso (Eds.), <em>IV Jornadas sobre mujeres y medios de comunicación </em>(pp.99-108). Leioa: Servicio Editorial de la Universidad del País Vasco.</p><p>Latorre Román, P.A. (2007). Mujer, deporte y medios de comunicación. <em>Revista digital de Buenos Aires, 11</em>(106).</p><p>López Díez, P. (2001). <em>Primer Informe: Representación de Género en los Informativos de Radio y Televisión</em>. Madrid: Instituto de la Mujer e Instituto Oficial de Radio y Televisión (RTVE).</p><p>López Díez, P. (2005). <em>Segundo Informe: Representación de Género en los Informativos de Radio y Televisión</em>. Madrid: Instituto de la Mujer e Instituto Oficial de Radio y Televisión (RTVE).</p><p>López Díez, P. (2011). <em>Deporte y mujeres en los medios de comunicación: sugerencias y recomendaciones</em>. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Deportes.</p><p>Macharia, S.; O'Connor, D.; &amp; Ndangam, L. (2015). <em>Who Makes the News?:Global Media Monitoring Project 2015</em>. Toronto: World Association for Christian Communication.</p><p>Matteo, S. (1986). The effect of sex and gender-schematic processing on sport participation. <em>Sex Roles, </em><em>15</em>(7), 417-432.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287981" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287981</a><em><strong> </strong></em></p><p>Messner, M.A. (2002). <em>Taking the field: Women, men, and sports</em>. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.</p><p>Metheny, E. (1965). Symbolic forms of movement: The feminine image in sports. En E. Metheny (Ed.),<em> Connotations of movement in sport and dance </em><span style="text-decoration: underline;">(</span>pp.43-56). Dubuque: Brown Dubuque, IA.</p><p>Neuendorf, K.A. (2004). Content analysis: A contrast and complement to discourse analysis. <em>Qualitative Methods: Newsletter of the American Political Science Association Organized Section on Qualitative Methods,</em><em> 2</em>(1), 33-36.</p><p>Rojas Torrijos, J.L (2010). La construcción de las noticias deportivas desde una mirada androcéntrica. De la invisibilidad a los estereotipos de la mujer deportista. <em>Vivat Academia, </em>(113), 122-136.<br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15178/va.2010.113.122-136" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.15178/va.2010.113.122-136</a></p><p>Romero Granados, S. (2008). Influencia del patrocinio y de los medios de comunicación en la discriminación del deporte de élite femenino. <em>Tándem: Didáctica de la Educación Física, </em><em>7</em>(28), 39-53.</p><p>Sainz de Baranda Andújar, C. (2014). El género de los protagonistas en la información deportiva (1979-2010): noticias y titulares. <em>Estudios sobre el mensaje periodístico, </em><em>20</em>(2), 1225-1236.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_ESMP.2014.v20.n2.47062" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_ESMP.2014.v20.n2.47062</a></p><p>Sainz de Baranda Andújar, C. (2017). La imagen del baloncesto en la prensa deportiva (1979-2010). <em>Revista de psicología del deporte, </em><em>26</em>(1), 139-142.</p><p>Teramo, M.T. (2006). Calidad de la información periodística en Argentina. Estudio de diarios y noticieros. <em>Palabra Clave, </em><em>9</em>(1), 57-84.</p><p>Tuchman, G. (1978). <em>Making news: A study in the construction of reality</em>. New York: Free Press.</p><p>Tuggle, C.A.; Huffman, S., &amp; Rosengard, D.S. (2002). A descriptive analysis of NBC's coverage of the 2000 Summer Olympics. <em>Mass Communication and Society, </em><em>5</em>(3), 361-375.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327825MCS0503_7" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327825MCS0503_7</a></p><p>Vega Jiménez, R. (2012). Mujer deporte y comunicación: la periodista deportiva y su acceso al ejercicio profesional de la actividad. <em>Revista Andaluza de Documentación sobre el Deporte, </em><em>4</em>, 1-10.</p><p>Vicente Mariño, M. (2006). Desde el análisis de contenido hacia el análisis del discurso: la necesidad de una apuesta decidida por la triangulación metodológica. En F. Sierra Caballero (Coord.), <em>IX Congreso IBERCOM</em>. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla.</p><p>Wimmer, R.D., &amp; Dominick, J.R. (1996). <em>La investigación científica de los medios de comunicación. Una introducción a sus métodos</em>. Barcelona: Bosch.</p><p> </p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81638 Acute effects of basketball competition on physical performance factors in under-18 female players. [Influencia de la competición sobre los factores de rendimiento físico en jugadoras de baloncesto sub-18]. 2020-07-01T00:17:58+00:00 José María Izquierdo jizqv@unileon.es Juan Carlos Redondo jc.castan@unileon.es <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">The aim of this study was to analyse and quantify the acute effects of competition on several performance factors in young female basketball players, between playing positions. To this end, 37 regional league players (17.21 ± 0.44 years) performed various tests to measure the rate of perceived of effort, sprint times and jump capacity immediately pre-match (T1), at half-time (T2) and post-match (T3). Tests included measuring perceived effort (RPE), sprinting for 20 metres based on time across 10 m and 20 m and performance of countermovement jumps (CMJ). For subsequent analysis, the sample was divided into three playing positions: guards (n=11), forwards (n=15) and centres (n=11). Associated with the expected increases of RPE (from 0.3-0.5 to 7.1-7.3), results showed very likely negative effects with performance decreased from T1 to T3 measures in 20 m (3.51% for guards) and in CMJ (13.7% for forwards). We found likely and very likely negative effects between T1 and T2 in all positions but we did not between T2 and T3 in CMJ. These findings highlight the need to individualise fitness training, taking into account the match needs and demands of the different playing positions in order to minimise the effects of match fatigue and accelerate post-match recovery.</p><p><strong>Resumen</strong></p><p align="justify">El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar y cuantificar los efectos agudos de la competición en distintas capacidades físicas en jugadoras sub-18 de baloncesto. Para tal fin, 37 jugadoras de nivel regional (17,21 ± 0,44 años) mostraron el esfuerzo percibido (RPE), realizaron un sprint de 20 m y se les midió la capacidad de salto inmediatamente antes del inicio partido (T1), en el descanso (T2) y después del partido (T3). En la prueba de sprint se registraron los tiempos en los 10 m iniciales y en el total de los 20 m, mientras que la capacidad de salto se valoró con un salto con contramovimiento (CMJ). Para el análisis posterior, la muestra se dividió en tres posiciones de juego: bases (n = 11), aleros (n = 15) y pívots (n = 11). Asociados con los aumentos esperados de RPE (de 0,3-0,5 a 7,1-7,3), los resultados mostraron una disminución del rendimiento con efectos “muy probables” de T1 a T3 en 20 m (3,51 % para las bases) y en CMJ (13,7 % para las aleros). Encontramos efectos negativos “probables” y “muy probables” entre T1 y T2 en todas las posiciones, pero no entre T2 y T3 en CMJ. Estos hallazgos ponen de manifiesto la necesidad de individualizar el entrenamiento físico, teniendo en cuenta las necesidades y demandas del partido de las diferentes posiciones de juego para minimizar los efectos de la fatiga del partido y acelerar la recuperación a su finalización.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06104" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06104</a></p><p><strong>References/referencias</strong></p><p>Abdelkrim, N. B.; El Fazaa, S., &amp; El Ati, J. (2007). Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. <em>British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41</em>(2), 69-75. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Caprino, D.; Clarke, N. D., &amp; Delextrat, A. (2012). The effect of an official match on repeated sprint ability in junior basketball players. <em>Journal of Sports Science, 30</em>(11), 1165-1173. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.695081</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Carvalho, H. M.; Leonardi, T. J.; Soares, A. L.; Paes, R. R.; Foster, C., &amp; Gonçalves, C. E. (2019). Longitudinal changes of functional capacities among adolescent female basketball players. <em>Frontiers in physiology, 10</em>, 339. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00339</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Clemente, F.; Conte, D.; Sanches, R.; Moleiro, C.; Gomes, M., &amp; Lima, R. (2019). Anthropometry and fitness profile, and their relationships with technical performance and perceived effort during small-sided basketball games. <em>Research in Sports Medicine, 27</em>(4), 452-466. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1546704</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behaviors science.(2nd) <em>New Jersey: Laurence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Hillsdale</em> (pp. 20-27).</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Cortis, C.; Tessitore, A.; Lupo, C.; Pesce, C.; Fossile, E.; Figura, F., &amp; Capranica, L. (2011). Inter-limb coordination, strength, jump, and sprint performances following a youth men's basketball game. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25</em>(1), 135-142. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181bde2ec</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Delextrat, A.; Badiella, A.; Saavedra, V.; Matthew, D.; Schelling, X., &amp; Torres-Ronda, L. (2015). Match activity demands of elite Spanish female basketball players by playing position. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 15</em>(2), 687-703. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868824</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Delextrat, A., &amp; Cohen, D. (2008). Physiological testing of basketball players: toward a standard evaluation of anaerobic fitness. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22</em>(4), 1066-1072. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181739d9b</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Delextrat, A.; Trochym, E., &amp; Calleja, J. (2012). Effect of a typical in-season week on strength jump and sprint performances in national-level female basketball players. <em>The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 52</em>(2), 128-136.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Drinkwater, E.; Pyne, D., &amp; McKenna, M. (2008). Design and interpretation of anthropometric and fitness testing of basketball players. <em>Sports Medicine, 38</em>(7), 565-578. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838070-00004</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Enoka, R. M., &amp; Duchateau, J. (2008). Muscle fatigue: what, why and how it influences muscle function. <em>The Journal of physiology, 586</em>(1), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.139477</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Erculj, F.; Blas, M., &amp; Bracic, M. (2010). Physical demands on young elite European female basketball players with special reference to speed, agility, explosive strength, and take-off power. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24</em>(11), 2970-2978. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181e38107</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Fort, A.; Montalvo, A.; Latinjak, A.T.; Unnithan, V.(2016). Physical characteristics of elite adolescent female basketball players and their relationship to match performance<em>. Journal of Human Kinetics</em>, 53, 167–178. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2016-0020</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Foster, C.; Hector, L. L.; Welsh, R.; Schrager, M.; Green, M. A., &amp; Snyder, A. C. (1995). Effects of specific versus cross-training on running performance. <em>European Journal of Applied Physiology, 70</em>(4), 367-372. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00865035</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Garcia-Lopez, J.; Peleteiro, J.; Rodgriguez-Marroyo, J. A.; Morante, J. C.; Herrero, J. A., &amp; Villa, J. G. (2005). The validation of a new method that measures contact and flight times during vertical jump. <em>International Journal of Sports Medicine, 26</em>(4), 294-302. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-820962</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">García López, J.; Morante Rábago, J. C.; Ogueta-Alday, A.; González Lázaro, J.; Rodríguez Marroyo, J. A., &amp; Villa Vicente, J. G. (2012). El uso de fotocélulas de haz simple y doble para medir la velocidad en carreras. <em>RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 8</em>(30), 324-333. https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2012.03003</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Gathercole, R. J.; Sporer, B. C.; Stellingwerff, T., &amp; Sleivert, G. G. (2015). Comparison of the capacity of different jump and sprint field tests to detect neuromuscular fatigue. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29</em>(9), 2522-2531. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000912</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Gil, S. M.; Gil, J.; Ruiz, F.; Irazusta, A., &amp; Irazusta, J. (2007). Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: relevance for the selection process. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21</em>(2), 438-445. https://doi.org/10.1519/r-19995.1</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Gómez, A.; Lorenzo, A., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2008). Game-related statistics that discriminated winning and losing teams from the Spanish men’s professional basketball teams. <em>Collegium Antropologicum, 32,</em> 451-456.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Hopkins, W. G. (2007). A spreadsheet to compare means of two groups. <em>Sportscience, 11</em>, 22-24.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Hopkins, W. G.; Marshall, S. W.; Batterham, A. M., &amp; Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. <em>Medicine &amp; Science in Sports &amp; Exercise, 41</em>(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Maio Alves, J. M. V.; Rebelo, A. N.; Abrantes, C., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2010). Short-term effects of complex and contrast training in soccer players' vertical jump, sprint, and agility abilities. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24</em>(4), 936-941. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181c7c5fd</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Malina, R. M.; Eisenmann, J. C.; Cumming, S. P.; Ribeiro, B., &amp; Aroso, J. (2004). Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13–15 years. <em>European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91</em>(5-6), 555-562. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-003-0995-z</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Mancha-Triguero, D., García-Rubio, J., Calleja-González, J., &amp; Ibáñez, S. J. (2019). Physical fitness in basketball players: a systematic review. <em>The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness,</em> 59(9), 1513-1525. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09180-1</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Mancha-Triguero, D., García-Rubio, J., Antúnez, A., &amp; Ibáñez, S. J. (2020). Physical and Physiological Profiles of Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacities in Young Basketball Players. <em>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</em>, 17(4), 1409. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041409</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Matthew, D., &amp; Delextrat, A. (2009). Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and time–motion analysis of female basketball players during competition. <em>Journal of Sports Science, 27</em>(8), 813-821. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410902926420</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">McBride, J. M.; Triplett-McBride, T.; Davie, A., &amp; Newton, R. U. (2002). The effect of heavy-vs. light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 16</em>(1), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1519/1533-4287(2002)016&lt;0075:teohvl&gt;2.0.co;2</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">McLellan, C. P.; Lovell, D. I., &amp; Gass, G. C. (2011). Markers of postmatch fatigue in professional rugby league players. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25</em>(4), 1030-1039. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181cc22cc</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Meckel, Y.; Gottlieb, R., &amp; Eliakim, A. (2009). Repeated sprint tests in young basketball players at different game stages. <em>European Journal of Applied Physiology, 107</em>(3), 273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1120-8</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Narazaki, K.; Berg, K.; Stergiou, N., &amp; Chen, B. (2009). Physiological demands of competitive basketball. <em>Scandinavian Journal of Medicine &amp; Science in Sports, 19</em>(3), 425-432. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2008.00789.x</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Nikolaidis, P. T.; Asadi, A.; Santos, E. J.; Calleja-González, J.; Padulo, J.; Chtourou, H., &amp; Zemkova, E. (2015). Relationship of body mass status with running and jumping performances in young basketball players. <em>Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 5</em>(3), 187. https://doi.org/10.11138/mltj/2015.5.3.187</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Oliveira, L.; Sedano, S., &amp; Redondo, J. C. (2013). Características del esfuerzo en competición en jugadoras de baloncesto de élite durante las fases finales de la Euroliga y el Campeonato del Mundo.[The competitive demands of elite female basketball during the play-offs of the Euroleague and World Championship]. <em>RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 9</em>(34), 360-376. http://dx.doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2013.03405</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Paulauskas, R.; Masiulis, N.; Cárdenas, D.; Figueira, B.; Mateus, N., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2018). The effect of repeated sprint ability on physiological and physical profiles of young basketball players.[El efecto de esprines repetidos en los perfiles fisiológicos y físicos de jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto]. <em>RICYDE. Revista Internacional de Ciencias del Deporte, 14</em>(54), 309-320. https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2018.05402</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Pliauga, V.; Kamandulis, S.; Dargevičiūtė, G.; Jaszczanin, J.; Klizienė, I.; Stanislovaitienė, J., &amp; Stanislovaitis, A. (2015). The effect of a simulated basketball game on players’ sprint and jump performance, temperature and muscle damage. <em>Journal of Human Kinetics, 46</em>(1), 167-175. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0045</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Portes, R.; Jiménez, S. L.; Navarro, R. M.; Scanlan, A. T., &amp; Gómez, M. Á. (2020). Comparing the External Loads Encountered during Competition between Elite, Junior Male and Female Basketball Players. <em>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</em>, 17(4), 1456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041456</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Reina, M.; García-Rubio; J., &amp; Ibáñez, S. J. (2020). Activity demands and speed profile of young women basketball players using Ultra Wide Band technology. <em>International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health</em> 17(5), 1477. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051477</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Reina, M.; García-Rubio, J.; Feu, S., &amp; Ibáñez, S. J. (2019). Training and competition load monitoring and analysis of women's amateur basketball by playing position: approach study. <em>Frontiers in Psychology</em>, 9, 2689. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02689</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Rodríguez-Rosell, D.; Mora-Custodio, R.; Franco-Márquez, F.; Yáñez-García, J. M., &amp; González-Badillo, J. J. (2017). Traditional vs. sport-specific vertical jump tests: reliability, validity, and relationship with the legs strength and sprint performance in adult and teen soccer and basketball players. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31</em>(1), 196-206. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001476</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Scanlan, A.; Dalbo, V.; Dascombe, B.; Reaburn, P.; Humphries, B., &amp; Kingsley, M. (2012). A comparison of match activity demands between male and female state-level Australian basketball competitions. <em>The Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 20</em>, 79-82.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Scanlan, A.; Dascombe, B., &amp; Reaburn, P. (2011). A comparison of the activity demands of elite and sub-elite Australian men's basketball competition. <em>Journal of Sports Science, 29</em>, 153-160.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Scanlan, A., Dascombe, J., Reaburn, P., &amp; Dalbo, V. (2012). The physiological and activity demands experienced by Australian female basketball players during competition. <em>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15</em>(4), 341-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.12.008</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Scanlan, A. T.; Fox, J. L.; Borges, N. R., &amp; Dalbo, V. J. (2017). The commonality between approaches to determine jump fatigue during basketball activity in junior players: in-game versus across-game decrements. <em>International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12</em>(2), 260-263. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0005</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Thorlund, J. B.; Michalsik, L.; Madsen, K., &amp; Aagaard, P. (2008). Acute fatigue‐induced changes in muscle mechanical properties and neuromuscular activity in elite handball players following a handball match. <em>Scandinavian Journal of Medicine &amp; Science in Sports, 18</em>(4), 462-472. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00710.x</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Trninić, S., &amp; Dizdar, D. (2000). System of the performance evaluation criteria weighted per positions in the basketball game. <em>Collegium Antropologicum, 24</em>(1), 217-234.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Trninić, S.; Dizdar, D., &amp; Luksić, E. (2002). Differences between winning and defeated top quality basketball teams in final tournaments of European Club Championship. <em>Collegium Antropologicum, 26,</em> 521-531.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Vázquez-Guerrero, J., Suarez-Arrones, L., Gómez, D. C., &amp; Rodas, G. (2018). Comparing external total load, acceleration and deceleration outputs in elite basketball players across positions during match play. Kinesiology, 50(2), 228-234. https://doi.org/10.26582/k.50.2.11</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Vazquez-Guerrero, J., Fernandez-Valdes, B., Jones, B., Moras, G., Reche, X., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2019). Changes in physical demands between game quarters of U18 elite official basketball games. <em>PloS One</em>, 14(9). https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0221818</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Young, W.; Mc Lean, B., &amp; Ardagna, J. (1995). Relationship between strength qualities and sprinting performance. <em>The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 35</em>(1), 13-19.</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Zarić, I.; Dopsaj, M., &amp; Marković, M. (2018). Match performance in young female basketball players: Relationship with laboratory and field tests. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18</em>(1), 90-103. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1452109</p><p class="EndNoteBibliography">Ziv, G., &amp; Lidor, R. (2009). Physical attributes, physiological characteristics, on-court performances and nutritional strategies of female and male basketball players. <em>Sports Medicine, 39</em>(7), 547-568. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200939070-00003</p> 2020-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81639 El fútbol como factor de prevención primaria contra el VIH-SIDA, Malaria, y como elemento de Salud e Higiene Básica en escolares de un centro educativo de Camerún. [Football as a factor of primary prevention on HIV-AIDS, malaria, and basic health and hygiene element, among students in a school of Cameroon]. 2020-07-01T00:18:41+00:00 Carlos de Cárcer ccarcer@redeporte.org <p align="justify">La prevención de enfermedades en comunidades africanas altamente vulnerables depende en gran medida de la labor educativa, comúnmente llevada a cabo en entornos escolares. La presente investigación tiene como objetivo verificar si el desarrollo de la autoeficacia y el aprendizaje de conceptos sobre VIH-SIDA, malaria, y salud e higiene básica, dirigido a niños y población adolescente de Camerún, resulta más efectivo a través de juegos basados en fútbol, frente a una metodología convencional, basada en charlas y dinámicas en el aula. El método utilizado ha sido un ensayo aleatorio, en el cual, han tomado parte 120 individuos (n=120) de ambos sexos. En el grupo experimental está la población a la cual se le aplica los juegos basados en fútbol como método de prevención y educación para la salud. En el grupo de control están los sujetos a los que se aplican las dinámicas educativas convencionales. La recogida de datos se llevó a cabo mediante cuestionarios, grupos de discusión y entrevistas en profundidad. En los resultados no se apreciaron diferencias significativas entre el grupo de control y el grupo de experimental. Sí se apreció una mayor autoeficacia y adquisición de conocimientos en temas puntuales de salud, por parte del grupo experimental.</p><p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">Disease prevention in highly vulnerable African communities depends largely on educational work, commonly carried out in school settings. This research aims to verify if the development of self-efficacy and learning of health concepts related to HIV-AIDS, malaria, and basic health and hygiene, aimed at children and adolescents in Cameroon, is more effective through games based on football, versus a conventional methodology, based on talks and dynamics in the classroom. The method used was a randomized trial, in which 120 individuals (n = 120) of both sexes took part. In the experimental group is the population to which football-based games are applied as education for health methodology. Control group is formed by individuals to whom, conventional educational dynamics are applied. Data collection was carried out through questionnaires, discussion groups and in-depth interviews. In the results, there were no significant differences between the control group and the experimental group. Greater self-efficacy and knowledge acquisition on specific topics, was rather appreciated by the experimental group.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06105" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06105</a></p><p><strong>Referencias/references</strong></p><p>Akindes G., Kirwin M. (2009) Sport as International Aid: Assisting Development or Promoting Under-Development in Sub-Saharan Africa? In: Levermore R., Beacom A. (eds) Sport and International Development. Global Culture and Sport. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp. 219-245.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230584402_10" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230584402_10</a></p><p>Balfour, L.; Farrar, T.; McGilvray, M.;  Wilson, D.; Tasca, G.; Spaans, J. N.; Mathews, C.; Maziya, L.; Khanyile, S.; Dalgleish, T. L., &amp;  Cameron, W. (2013). HIV Prevention in Action on the Football Field: The Whizzkids United Program in South Africa. <em>AIDS Behavior.</em> <em>17</em>(3), 2045–2052. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0448-6">https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-013-0448-6</a></p><p>Bandura, A. (1977). <em>Social Learning Theory</em>. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/105960117700200317">https://doi.org/10.1177/105960117700200317</a></p><p>Bandura, A. (1988). Organizational applications of social cognitive theory. <em>Australian Journal of Management. 13</em>(2),<em> </em>137- 164<em>. </em><br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/031289628801300210">https://doi.org/10.1177/031289628801300210</a></p><p>Burnett, C (2013) GIZ/YDF and youth as drivers for sport for development in the African context.<em> Journal of Sport for Development. </em><em>2015;50</em>(4-5):385-90.<em> </em>Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="http://jsfd.org/article/gizydf-and-youth-as-drivers-of-sport-for-development-in-the-african-context-2/" target="_blank">http://jsfd.org/article/gizydf-and-youth-as-drivers-of-sport-for-development-in-the-african-context-2/</a><strong></strong></p><p>DeCelles, J., Hershow, R. B., Kaufman, Z. A., Gannett, K. R., Kombandeya, T., Chaibva, C., Ross, D. A., &amp; Harrison, A. (2016). Process Evaluation of a Sport-Based Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Demand-Creation Intervention in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. <em>Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)</em>, <em>72 Suppl 4</em>(Suppl 4), S304–S308.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001172" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001172</a></p><p>Fuller, C. W.; Junge, A.; DeCelles, J.; Donald, J.; Jankelowitz, R., &amp; Dvorak, J. (2010). ´11 for Health´–a football-based health-promotion programme for children in South Africa: a parallel cohort study. <em>British Journal of Sports Medicine 44</em>(8),<em> </em>546-554<em>. </em><br /><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2010.072223">http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2010.072223</a> <em></em></p><p class="Default">Gallant M., &amp; Maticka-Tyndall E. (2004). School-based HIV prevention programs for African youth. <em>Social Science and Medicine. 58</em>(7), 1337-1351<em>. </em><br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00331-9">https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00331-9</a></p><p class="Default">GIZ –Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit–. (2014). School Community Manual Indonesia: Fit for School. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="http://www.fitforschool.international/fit-resources/">http://www.fitforschool.international/fit-resources/</a></p><p>Grassrootsoccer. (2014). Three-year study from 2010-2013 of Grassrootsoccer’s HIV prevention, testing and treatment programs in Zambia. Recuperado de:<br /><a href="https://issuu.com/grassrootsoccer/docs/case_for_grs_2014_final"> https://issuu.com/grassrootsoccer/docs/case_for_grs_2014_final</a></p><p>Hershow, R.; Gannett, K.; Jamison M.; Braunschweiga, E.; Barkley, C.; DeCelles, J., &amp; Harrison, A. (2015). Using soccer to build confidence and increase HCT uptake among adolescent girls: a mixed-methods study of an HIV prevention programme in South Africa. <em>Sport Society. 8 </em>(8), 1009–1022.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2014.997586">https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2014.997586</a></p><p>Jiménez, P., y Durán, J. (2005). Actividad física y deporte en jóvenes en riesgo: educación en valores. <em>Apunts Educación Física y Deportes, 80 </em>(2), 13-19.</p><p>Koss, J., y Alexandrova, A. (2005). HIV/AIDS prevention and peace through sport. <em>The Lancet.</em> <em>366</em> (3), 20-36.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67820-8">https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67820-8</a></p><p>Monse, B.; Benzian, H.; Naliponguit, E.; Belizario, V.; Schratz, A., &amp; Wim van Palenstein. H. (2013). The ´Fit for School´ health outcome study - a longitudinal survey to assess health impacts of an integrated school health programme in the Philippines. <em>BMC Public Health</em> <em>13</em> (2), 56-65.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-256">https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-256</a></p><p>Morley, D., y Woodland, M. (1979). <em>See how they grow. Monitoring child growth for appropriate health care in developing countries</em>. London, United Kingdom; MacMillan Press.</p><p>OMS. (1948). Constitución de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://www.who.int/governance/eb/who_constitution_sp.pdf">https://www.who.int/governance/eb/who_constitution_sp.pdf</a></p><p>OMS. (2002). Organización Mundial de la Salud. Informe sobre la Salud en el Mundo 2002 - Reducir los Riesgos y Promover una Vida Sana. OMS, Ginebra. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://www.who.int/whr/2002/es/">https://www.who.int/whr/2002/es/</a> </p><p>OMS. (2015). Escuelas Promotoras de Salud. Recuperado de: <br /><a href="http://www.who.int/school_youth_health/gshi/hps/en/">http://www.who.int/school_youth_health/gshi/hps/en/</a></p><p>OMS. (2017). Datos globales sobre enfermedades diarreicas. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diarrhoeal-disease">https://www.who.int/es/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diarrhoeal-disease</a> .</p><p>OMS. (2019). World Malaria Report 2019. Geneva. Recuperado de: <br /><a href="https://www.who.int/publications-detail/world-malaria-report-2019">https://www.who.int/publications-detail/world-malaria-report-2019</a></p><p>OMS &amp; UNICEF. (2012). Programa Conjunto OMS &amp; UNICEF para el Monitoreo del Abastecimiento de Agua y Saneamiento. UNICEF, Nueva York, y OMS, Ginebra. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44842/2/9789280646320_eng_full_text.pdf">http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/44842/2/9789280646320_eng_full_text.pdf</a></p><p>Ormrod, J.E. (1999). <em>Human learning</em> (3ª ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.</p><p>Ormrod, J. E. (2006). <em>Educational psychology: Developing learners</em> (5ª ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall.</p><p>UNAIDS. (2020). Estadísticas mundiales sobre VIH-SIDA. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://www.unaids.org/es/resources/fact-sheet">https://www.unaids.org/es/resources/fact-sheet</a> y <br /><a href="https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/cameroon">https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/cameroon</a></p><p>UNHCR. (2020). Situación mundial de los refugiados. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://data2.unhcr.org/en/country/cmr">https://data2.unhcr.org/en/country/cmr</a></p><p>UNICEF. (2017). Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: About WASH. Recuperado de: <br /><a href="https://www.unicef.org/wash/3942_3952.html">https://www.unicef.org/wash/3942_3952.html</a></p><p>UNICEF. (2019). Indicadores demográficos sobre salud infantil. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://data.unicef.org/country/cmr/">https://data.unicef.org/country/cmr/</a></p><p>UNICEF-OMS. (2010). Facts for Life. Geneva. Recuperado de:<br /> <a href="https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Facts_for_Life_EN_010810.pdf" target="_blank">https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Facts_for_Life_EN_010810.pdf</a></p><p>Villa, J; Ruiz, E., y Ferrer, JL. (2006) <em>Antecedentes y conceptos de educación para la salud. Documento de apoyo para las actividades de educación para la salud</em>. Mérida. Junta de Extremadura.</p><p>Woodcock, A.; Cronin, O., &amp; Forde, S. (2012). Quantitative evidence for the benefits of Moving the Goalposts, a Sport for Development project in rural Kenya. <em>Evaluation and Program Planning. 35</em>(3), 370-381.<em> </em><br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2012.01.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2012.01.001</a></p> 2020-05-27T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81640 Origin and modifications of the geometrical centre to assess team behaviour in team sports: a systematic review. [Origen y modificaciones del punto geométrico para evaluar el comportamiento táctico colectivo en deportes de equipo: una revisión sistemática]. 2020-07-01T00:19:19+00:00 Markel Rico-González markeluniv@gmail.com José Pino-Ortega pepepinoortega@gmail.com Fabio Yuzo Nakamura fabioy_nakamura@yahoo.com.br Felipe Arruda-Moura felipemoura@uel.br Asier Los Arcos asier.losarcos@gmail.com <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">The aim of the present study was to systematically review the origin and modifications of the geometrical centre (GC) in the assessment of team behaviour in team sports. Studies were identified following the PRISMA guidelines and PICO design for systematics reviews in four electronic databases (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Central, and Web of Sciences). A total of 3,973 documents were initially retrieved, of which 1,779 were duplicates. After checking 2,178, another 36 were added from the references of the studies. 72 articles met de inclusion criteria and 7 were included for the systematic review. Habitually, the GC is computed as the mean [X,Y] of several or all players in the sports team. Despite the relevance of the location of the players with respect to the goal, habitually, the goalkeeper/target has not been considered in the measurement of the GC. Two techniques (i.e. Hilbert transformation and cluster analyses) have been applied to analyse the synchronisation (i.e. relative phase) and the average mutual information (AMI) to assess the complexity and regularity or predictability of the GC in team sports. Since the GC does not consider the goalkeepers and team dispersion, this measure should be interpreted with caution, but together with other tactical variables can provide interesting information for team sports technical staff.</p><p><strong>Resumen</strong></p><p align="justify">El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar sistemáticamente el origen y las modificaciones del centro geométrico (GC) en la evaluación del comportamiento táctico colectivo en los deportes de equipo. La identificación de los estudios se llevó a cabo en cuatro bases de datos (PubMed, SPORTDiscus, ProQuest Central, and Web of Sciences) siguiendo la guía PRISMA y el diseño PICO para revisiones sistemáticas. Un total de 3,973 documentos fueron inicialmente recuperados, de los cuales 1,779 eran duplicados. Después de analizar 2,178 artículos, otros 36 fueron añadidos tras ser rescatados de las referencias bibliográficas. 72 artículos cumplieron los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales 7 sugirieron variables tácticas originales relacionadas con el posicionamiento del GC. Dos cálculos diferentes han sido propuestos para medir el GC en los deportes de equipo, siendo la media [X, Y] de varios o todos los jugadores del equipo el más utilizado. El primer cálculo del GC fue propuesto en fútbol y consideró al portero, pero este jugador especial no suele ser incluido en la medición. La ubicación de los jugadores con respecto a la diana no ha sido considerada para valorar el GC en deportes de equipo como el fútbol. Por lo tanto, las variables tácticas complementarias, como por ejemplo la distancia entre el portero o la portería y el GC, podrían asociarse con el GC para evaluar la posición relativa de varios jugadores en el espacio de juego. Dos técnicas distintas (i.e. la transformación de Hilbert y el cluster analyses) han sido aplicadas para analizar la sincronización (i.e. la fase relativa) y el average mutual information (AMI) para evaluar la complejidad y regularidad o previsibilidad del GC en los deportes de equipo.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06106" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06106</a></p><p><strong>References/referencias</strong></p><p>Araújo, D., &amp; Davids, K. (2016). Team Synergies in Sport: Theory and Measures. <em>Frontiers in Psychology, 7.</em><br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01449">https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01449</a></p><p>Bourbousson, J.; Sève, C., &amp; McGarry, T. (2010a). Space-time coordination dynamics in basketball: Part 1. Intra- and inter-couplings among player dyads. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 28</em>(3), 339-347.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903503632">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903503632</a></p><p>Bourbousson, J.; Sève, C., &amp; McGarry, T. (2010b). Space-time coordination dynamics in basketball: Part 2. The interaction between the two teams. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 28</em>(3), 349-358.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903503640">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903503640</a></p><p>Cohen, J. (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. <em>Educ Psychol Meas. 20</em>(1), 37-46.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1177/001316446002000104</a></p><p>Cover, T. M., &amp; Thomas, J. A. (2005). <em>Entropy, Relative Entropy, and Mutual Information</em>. In Elements of Information Theory (pp. 13-55). John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/047174882X.ch2" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1002/047174882X.ch2</a></p><p>Duarte, R.; Araújo, D.; Correia, V.; Davids, K.; Marques, P., &amp; Richardson, M. J. (2013). Competing together: Assessing the dynamics of team-team and player-team synchrony in professional association football. <em>Human Movement Science, 32</em>(4), 555-566.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2013.01.011" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2013.01.011</a></p><p>Duarte, R.; Araújo, D.; Freire, L.; Folgado, H.; Fernandes, O., &amp; Davids, K. (2012). Intra- and inter-group coordination patterns reveal collective behaviors of football players near the scoring zone. <em>Human Movement Science, 31</em>(6), 1639-1651.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2012.03.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2012.03.001</a></p><p>Frank, T. D., &amp; Richardson, M. J. (2010). On a test statistic for the Kuramoto order parameter of synchronization: An illustration for group synchronization during rocking chairs. Physica D: <em>Nonlinear Phenomena, 239</em>(23-24), 2084-2092.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2010.07.015" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2010.07.015</a></p><p>Frencken, W., &amp; Lemmink, K. (2009). Team kinematics of small-sided soccer games: A systematic approach. In: Reilly, T, and F. Korkusuz (Eds.), Science and Football VI. In Science and Football VI (pp. 161-166).</p><p>Frencken, W.; Lemmink, K.; Delleman, N., &amp; Visscher, C. (2011). Oscillations of centroid position and surface area of soccer teams in small-sided games. <em>European Journal of Sport Science, 11</em>(4), 215-223.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.499967">https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.499967</a></p><p>Gonçalves, B. V.; Figueira, B. E.; Maçãs, V., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2014). Effect of player position on movement behaviour, physical and physiological performances during an 11-a-side football game. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 32</em>(2), 191-199.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.816761">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.816761</a></p><p>Graham R. (1972). <em>An efficient algorithm for determining the convex hull of a finite planar set</em>. Information Processing Letters. North-Holland publishing company, 132-133.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0190(72)90045-2" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0190(72)90045-2</a></p><p>Grehaigne, J.-F.; Bouthier, D., &amp; David, B. (1997). Dynamic-system analysis of opponent relationships in collective actions in soccer. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 15</em>(2), 137-149.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/026404197367416" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/026404197367416</a></p><p>Kuramoto, Y. (1984). <em>Chemical Oscillations, Waves, and Turbulence</em>. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.<a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69689-3" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-69689-3</a></p><p>Lames, M.; Ertmer, J., &amp; Walter, F., L. (2010). Oscillations in football-Order and disorder in spatial interactions between the two teams. <em>International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41</em>(4), 85.</p><p>Low, B.; Coutinho, D.; Gonçalves, B.; Rein, R.; Memmert, D., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2020). A Systematic Review of Collective Tactical Behaviours in Football Using Positional Data. <em>Sport Med., 50</em>, 343-385.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01194-7">https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01194-7</a></p><p>Memmert, D.; Lemmink, K. A. P. M., &amp; Sampaio, J. (2017). Current Approaches to Tactical Performance Analyses in Soccer Using Position Data. <em>Sports Medicine, 47</em>(1), 1-10.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0562-5" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0562-5</a></p><p>Moher, D.; Liberati, A.; Tetzlaff, J., &amp; Altman, D. G. (2010). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. <em>International Journal of Surgery, 8</em>(5), 336-341.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2010.02.007">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2010.02.007</a></p><p>Moura, F. A.; Santana, J. E.; Marche, A. L.; Aguiar, H., &amp; Cunha, S. A. (2011). Quantitative analysis of the futsal players'organization on the court. <em>Portuguese Journal of Sport Sciences, 11</em>(Suppl 2), 105-108.</p><p>Palut, Y., &amp; Zanone, P.-G. (2005). A dynamical analysis of tennis: Concepts and data. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 23</em>(10), 1021-1032.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410400021682">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410400021682</a></p><p>Parlebas. (2002). <em>Elementary mathematic modelization of games and sports. Bridging the gap between empirical sciences and theoretical research in the social sciences</em>. In The Explanatory Power of Models (197-228). Kluwer Academic.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4676-6_11">https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4676-6_11</a></p><p>Passos, P.; Araújo, D.; Davids, K.; Gouveia, L., Serpa, S.: Milho, J., &amp; Fonseca, S. (2009). Interpersonal Pattern Dynamics and Adaptive Behavior in Multiagent Neurobiological Systems: Conceptual Model and Data. <em>Journal of Motor Behavior, 41</em>(5), 445-459.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.3200/35-08-061" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3200/35-08-061</a></p><p>Pincus, S. (1991). Approximate entropy as a measure of system complexity. <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 88</em>(6), 2297-2301.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.6.2297">https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.6.2297</a></p><p>Rein, R., &amp; Memmert, D. (2016). Big data and tactical analysis in elite soccer: Future challenges and opportunities for sports science. <em>SpringerPlus, 5</em>(1).<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-3108-2">https://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-3108-2</a></p><p>Rico-González, M.; Los Arcos, A.; Nakamura, F. Y.; Moura, F. A., &amp; Pino-Ortega, J. (2019). The use of technology and sampling frequency to measure variables of tactical positioning in team sports: A systematic review. <em>Research in Sports Medicine, 28</em>(2), 279-292.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2019.1660879" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2019.1660879</a></p><p>Rico-González, M.; Pino-Ortega, J.; Nakamura, F. Y.; Moura, F. A., &amp; Arcos, A. L. (2020). Identification, Computational Examination, Critical Assessment and Future Considerations of Distance Variables to Assess Collective Tactical Behaviour in Team Invasion Sports by Positional Data: A Systematic Review. <em>Int. J.</em> Environ. <em>Res. Public Health, 14</em>.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061952" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061952</a></p><p>Sampaio, J., &amp; Maçãs, V. (2012). Measuring Tactical Behaviour in Football. <em>International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33</em>(05), 395-401.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1301320">https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1301320</a></p><p>Sarmento, H.; Anguera, M. T.; Pereira, A., &amp; Araújo, D. (2018). Talent Identification and Development in Male Football: A Systematic Review. <em>Sports Med, 48</em>(4), 907-931.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0851-7" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0851-7</a></p><p>Sarmento, H.; Clemente, F. M.; Araújo, D.; Davids, K.; McRobert, A., &amp; Figueiredo, A. (2018). What Performance Analysts Need to Know About Research Trends in Association Football (2012-2016): A Systematic Review. <em>Sports Medicine, 48</em>(4), 799-836.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0836-6" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0836-6</a></p><p>Schmidt, R. C.; O' Brien, B., &amp; Sysko, R. (1999). Self organization of between person cooperative tasks and possible applications to sport. <em>Int. J. Sport Psychol, 30</em>, 558-579.</p><p>Schöllhorn W. (2003). Coordination Dynamics and its Consequences on Sports. <em>Int. J. Comp. Sci. Sport, 2</em>(2), 40-46.</p><p>Silva, P.; Chung, D.; Carvalho, T.; Cardoso, T.; Davids, K.; Araújo, D., &amp; Garganta, J. (2016). Practice effects on intra-team synergies in football teams. <em>Human Movement Science, 46</em>, 39-51.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2015.11.017">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2015.11.017</a></p><p>Silva, P.; Duarte, R.; Esteves, P.; Travassos, B., &amp; Vilar, L. (2016). Application of entropy measures to analysis of performance in team sports. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 16</em>(2), 753-768.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2016.11868921">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2016.11868921</a></p><p>Silva, P.; Duarte, R.; Sampaio, J.; Aguiar, P.; Davids, K.; Araújo, D., &amp; Garganta, J. (2014). Field dimension and skill level constrain team tactical behaviours in small-sided and conditioned games in football. <em>Journal of Sports Sciences, 32</em>(20), 1888-1896.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.961950" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.961950</a></p><p>Silva, P.; Travassos, B.; Vilar, L.; Aguiar, P.; Davids, K.; Araújo, D., &amp; Garganta, J. (2014). Numerical Relations and Skill Level Constrain Co-Adaptive Behaviors of Agents in Sports Teams. <em>PLoS ONE, 9</em>(9), e107112.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107112">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107112</a></p><p>Travassos, B.; Araújo, D.; Duarte, R., &amp; McGarry, T. (2012). Spatiotemporal coordination patterns in futsal (indoor football) are guided by informational game constraints. <em>Human Movement Science, 31</em>(4), 932-945.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.10.004">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2011.10.004</a></p><p>Travassos, B.; Davids, K.; Araújo, D., &amp; Esteves, T. P. (2013). Performance analysis in team sports: Advances from an Ecological Dynamics approach. <em>International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13</em>(1), 83-95.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868633">https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868633</a></p><p>Yue, Z.; Broich, H.; Seifriz, F., &amp; Mester, J. (2008). Mathematical Analysis of a Soccer Game. Part I: Individual and Collective Behaviors. <em>Studies in Applied Mathematics, 121</em>(3), 223-243.<br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9590.2008.00413.x" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9590.2008.00413.x</a></p><p> </p><p> </p> 2020-06-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/RICYDE/article/view/81641 Anthropometric and conditional profile in semiprofessional futsal players: differences between sexes. A case study. [Perfil antropométrico y condicional en jugadores semiprofesionales de futbol sala: diferencias entre sexos. Un estudio de caso]. 2020-07-01T00:20:04+00:00 Carlos Lago-Fuentes carlos.lago@uneatlantico.es Sergio Pérez-Celada sepece@gmail.com Javier Prieto-Troncoso javierprietotroncoso@gmail.com Ezequiel Rey zequirey@uvigo.es Marcos Mecías-Calvo marcos.mecias@uneatlantico.es <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p><p align="justify">El perfil antropométrico es uno de los indicadores asociados al rendimiento óptimo de los jugadores de fútbol sala. Sin embargo, ningún estudio ha analizado estos factores en ambos sexos ni ha creado un perfil antropométrico de cada sexo. Por estas razones, los objetivos de este estudio fueron: describir y comparar los perfiles antropométricos y condicionales de los jugadores de fútbol sala semiprofesionales, y analizar las posibles correlaciones entre los parámetros antropométricos y condicionales. En el estudio participaron 11 jugadoras de fútbol sala semiprofesionales y 8 hombres. Se realizaron varias pruebas: un análisis antropométrico y de composición corporal, potencia de las piernas con salto (SJ) y pruebas de contramovimiento (CMJ), y prueba de flexibilidad del psoas y glúteo mayor. Los jugadores de fútbol sala masculinos reportaron un mejor rendimiento en SJ y CMJ (p &lt;0.001, ES grande), así como un menor porcentaje de grasa (10.2%) y un mayor porcentaje muscular (50.8%) que las jugadoras de fútbol sala (20.1% y 44.9%, respectivamente). No se encontraron diferencias significativas con respecto a la flexibilidad entre sexos (p&gt; 0.05). El porcentaje de grasa presenta una correlación inversa (r = -0.84; ES muy grande), así como el rendimiento muscular, una correlación directa (r = 0.73; ES muy grande) con un rendimiento explosivo. Existen diferencias significativas entre sexos con respecto a los parámetros antropométricos y de potencia de las piernas, no en los valores de flexibilidad. En conclusión, los métodos de entrenamiento y objetivos condicionales durante la temporada deben ajustarse al perfil antropométrico y condicional de cada nivel deportivo, con especial foco en el rendimiento neuromuscular.</p><p><strong>Resumen</strong></p><p align="justify">Anthropometrical profile is one of the indicators associated to optimal performance of futsal players. However, no studies have analyzed these factors in both sexes neither created an anthropometrical profile of each sex. For these reasons, the goals of this study were: to describe and compare the anthropometric and conditional profiles of sub-elite futsal players, and to analyze possible correlations between anthropometric and conditional parameters. 11 female and 8 male sub-elite futsal players participated in the study. Several tests were performed: an anthropometric and body composition analysis, leg power with squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) tests, and psoas and major gluteus flexibility test.  Male futsal players reported a better performance in SJ and CMJ (p&lt;0.001, big ES), as well as a lower fat percentage (10.2%) and a greater muscular percentage (50.8%) than female futsal players (20.1% and 44.9%, respectively).  No significant differences were found regarding flexibility between sexes (p&gt;0.05). Fat percentage presents a reversal correlation (r=-0.84; ES very large), as well as muscular performance, a direct correlation (r=0.73; ES very large) with explosive performance. There are significant differences between sexes regarding anthropometric and leg power parameters, not in flexibility values. Finally, the training methods and conditional goals along the season should be adapted to anthropometric and conditional profile of each competitive level, with special focus in neuromuscular performance.</p><p><a href="https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06107" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5232/ricyde2020.06107</a></p><p><strong>References/referencias</strong></p><p>Abad, C.; Cuniyochi, R.; Kobal, R.; Gil, S.; Pascoto, K.; Nakamura, F. &amp; Loturco, I. (2016). Effect of detraining on body composition, vertical jumping ability and sprint performance in young elite soccer players. <em>Revista Andaluza de Medicina Del Deporte</em>, <em>9</em>(3), 124-130.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ramd.2015.03.003">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ramd.2015.03.003</a></p><p>Alemdaroglu, U. (2012). The relationship between muscle strength, anaerobic performance, agility, sprint ability and vertical jump performance in professional basketball players. <em>Journal of Human Kinetics</em>, <em>31</em>(1), 149-158.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-012-0016-6">https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-012-0016-6</a></p><p>Arins, F. B.; Salvador, P. C.; Carminatti, L. J. &amp; Guglielmo, L. G. (2015). Physiological characteristics, evaluation and prescription of aerobic training in Futsal. <em>Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria &amp; Desempenho Humano</em>, <em>17</em>(6), 753–762.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2015v17n6p753">https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2015v17n6p753</a></p><p>Ayala, F.; Sainz de Baranda, P.; De Ste Croix, M. &amp; Santonja, F. (2012). Absolute reliability of five clinical tests for assessing hamstring flexibility in professional futsal players. <em>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport</em>, <em>15</em>(2), 142–147.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.10.002">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.10.002</a></p><p>Bahamondes Avila, C.; Cifuentes Cea, B. M.; Lara Padilla, E., &amp; Berral de la Rosa, F. J. (2012). Composición corporal y somatotipo en futbol femenino: Campeonato Sudamericano Sub-17. <em>International Journal of Morphology</em>, <em>30</em>(2), 450–460. <br /><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000200016">http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022012000200016</a></p><p>Barbero Álvarez, J. C.; Subiela, J.; Granda-Vera, J.; Castagna, C.; Gómez, M., &amp; Del Coso, J. (2015). Aerobic fitness and performance in elite female futsal players. <em>Biology of Sport</em>, <em>32</em>(4), 339–344.<br /> http://doi.org/<a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.5604%2F20831862.1189200" target="pmc_ext">10.5604/20831862.1189200</a></p><p>Barbieri, F. A.; Barbieri, R. A.; Queiroga, M. R.; Santana, W. C., &amp; Kokubun, E. (2012). Anthropometrical and physiological profile of futsal players of the under-20 and adults categories. <em>Motricidade</em>, <em>8</em>(4), 62–70.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.8(4).1553">https://doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.8(4).1553</a></p><p>Bosco, C.; Komi, P. V.; Tihanyi, J.; Fekete, G., &amp; Apor, P. (1983). Mechanical power test and fiber composition of human leg extensor muscles. <em>European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology</em>, <em>51</em>(1), 129–135. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00952545">https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00952545</a></p><p>Bruinvels, G.; Burden, R.; McGregor, A.; Ackerman, K. A.; Dooley, M.; Richards, T., &amp; Pedlar, C. (2017). Sport, exercise and the menstrual cycle: where is the research? <em>British Journal of Sports Medicine</em>, <em>51</em>(6), 487–488.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096279">https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096279</a></p><p>Castagna, C.; D’Ottavio, S.; Grande Vera, J., &amp; Barbero Álvarez, J. C. (2009). Match demands of professional Futsal: A case study. <em>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport</em>, <em>12</em>(4), 490–494. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.02.001">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2008.02.001</a></p><p>Cejudo, A.; Sainz de Baranda, P.; Ayala, F., &amp; Santonja, F. (2014). Flexibility profile of lower-limb muscle in futsal players. <em>Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de La Actividad Física y Del Deporte</em>, <em>14</em>(55), 509-525.</p><p>Cejudo, A.; Sainz de Baranda, P.; Ayala, F., &amp; Santonja, F. (2015). Test-retest reliability of seven common clinical tests for assessing lower extremity muscle flexibility in futsal and handball players. <em>Physical Therapy in Sport</em>, <em>16</em>(2), 107–113.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.05.004">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2014.05.004</a> </p><p>Da Rocha, R. E. R.; Nunes, E. A., &amp; Venera, G. D. (2015). Selective loads periodization attenuates biochemical disturbances and enhances performance in female futsal players during competitive season. <em>Motriz. Revista de Educacao Fisica</em>, <em>21</em>(2), 158–167.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65742015000200006">https://doi.org/10.1590/S1980-65742015000200006</a></p><p>Dogramaci, S. N.; Watsford, M. L., &amp; Murphy, A. J. (2011). Time-motion analysis of international and national level futsal. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research</em>, <em>25</em>(3), 646–651.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c6a02e">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c6a02e</a></p><p>FIFA. (2018). <em>Women’s football strategy</em>. Retrieved from <a href="https://resources.fifa.com/image/upload/women-s-football-strategy.pdf?cloudid=z7w21ghir8jb9tguvbcq">https://resources.fifa.com/image/upload/women-s-football-strategy.pdf?cloudid=z7w21ghir8jb9tguvbcq</a></p><p>Fontana, F. Y.; Colosio, A. L.; Da Lozzo, G., &amp; Pogliaghi, S. (2016). Player’s success prediction in rugby union: From youth performance to senior level placing. <em>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport</em>.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.017">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.017</a></p><p>Galy, O.; Zongo, P.; Chamari, K.; Chaouachi, A.; Michalak, E.; Dellal, A.; … Hue, O. (2015). Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Melanesian futsal players: a first approach to talent identification in Oceania. <em>Biology of Sport</em>, <em>32</em>(2), 135–141.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1140428">https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1140428</a></p><p>Hopkins, W.; Marshall, S.; Batterham, A., &amp; Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. <em>Medicine Science in Sports Exercise</em>, <em>41</em>(1), 3. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278</a></p><p>Jones, B.; Emmonds, S.; Hind, K.; Nicholson, G.; Rutherford, Z., &amp; Till, K. (2016). Physical qualities of international female rugby league players by playing position. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research</em>, <em>30</em>(5), 1333–1340.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001225">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001225</a></p><p>Karavelioglu, M. B.; Harmanci, H.; Kaya, M., &amp; Erol, M. (2016). Effects of Plyometric Training on Anaerobic Capacity and Motor Skills in Female Futsal Players. <em>Anthropologist</em>, <em>23</em>(30), 355–360. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/%2010.1080/09720073.2014.11891955%20" target="_blank">https://doi.org/ 10.1080/09720073.2014.11891955 </a></p><p>Lago-Fuentes, C., Jiménez-Loaisa, A., Padrón-Cabo, A., Mecías-Calvo, M., &amp; Rey, E. (2020). Perceptions of the technical staff of professional teams regarding injury prevention in Spanish national futsal leagues: a cross-sectional study. <em>PeerJ</em>, <em>8</em>, e8817. <a href="https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8817" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8817</a></p><p>Lago-Fuentes, C.; Rey, E.; Padrón-Cabo, A.; De Rellán-Guerra, A. S.; Fragueiro-Rodríguez, A., &amp; García-Núñez, J. (2018). Effects of core strength training using stable and unstable surfaces on physical fitness and functional performance in professional female futsal players. <em>Journal of Human Kinetics</em>, <em>65</em>(1).<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2018-0029">https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2018-0029</a></p><p>Mangine, G. T.; Fukuda, D. H.; LaMonica, M. B.; Gonzalez, A. M.; Wells, A. J.; Townsend, J. R.; … Hoffman, J. R. (2014). Influence of gender and muscle architecture asymmetry on jump and sprint performance. <em>Journal of Sports Science &amp; Medicine</em>, <em>13</em>(4), 904–911.</p><p>Marfell-Jones, M. J., Stewart, A. D., &amp; de Ridder, J. H. (2012). International standards for anthropometric assessment. Wellington, New Zealand: <em>International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry</em>.</p><p>Matzenbacher, F.; Pasquarelli, B. N.; Rabelo, F. N., &amp; Stanganelli, L. C. R. (2014). Demanda fisiológica no futsal competitivo: características físicas e fisiológicas de atletas profissionais. <em>Revista Andaluza de Medicina Del Deporte</em>, <em>7</em>(3), 122–131.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S1888-7546(14)70074-7">https://doi.org/10.1016/S1888-7546(14)70074-7</a></p><p>Milić, M.; Grgantov, Z.; Chamari, K.; Ardigò, L. P.; Bianco, A., &amp; Padulo, J. (2017). Anthropometric and physical characteristics allow differentiation of young female volleyball players according to playing position and level of expertise. <em>Biology of Sport</em>, <em>34</em>(1), 19. <a href="https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2017.63382" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2017.63382</a></p><p>Naser, N.; Ali, A., &amp; Macadam, P. (2017). Physical and physiological demands of futsal. <em>Journal of Exercise Science &amp; Fitness</em>, <em>15</em>(2), 76–80.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2017.09.001" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2017.09.001</a></p><p>Piscitelli, F.; Milanese, C.; Sandri, M.; Cavedon, V., &amp; Zancanaro, C. (2016). Investigating predictors of ball-throwing velocity in team handball: the role of sex, anthropometry, and body composition. <em>Sport Sciences for Health</em>, <em>12</em>(1), 11–20.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-015-0248-7">https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-015-0248-7</a></p><p>Ramos-Campo, D. J.; Sánchez, F. M.; García, P. E.; Arias, J. A. R.; Cerezal, A. B., Clemente-Suarez, V. J., &amp; Díaz, J. F. J. (2014). Body composition features in different playing position of professional team indoor players: Basketball, handball and futsal. <em>International Journal of Morphology</em>, <em>32</em>(4), 1316–1324.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000400032">https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000400032</a></p><p>Ramos-Campo, D. J.; Rubio-Arias, J. A.; Carrasco-Poyatos, M., &amp; Alcaraz, P. E. (2016). Physical performance of elite and subelite Spanish female futsal players. <em>Biology of sport</em>, <em>33</em>(3), 297. <br /><a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.5604%2F20831862.1212633" target="pmc_ext">10.5604/20831862.1212633</a></p><p>Rodrigues, V.; Ramos, G.; Mendes, T.; Cabido, C.; Melo, E.; Condessa, L.; … Garcia, E. (2011). Intensity of Official Futsal Matches. <em>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research</em>, <em>25</em>(9), 2482–2487. <br /><a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4574">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4574</a></p><p>Sainz de Baranda, P.; Cejudo, A.; Ayala, F., &amp; Santonja, F. (2015). Optimum profile of lower-limb muscle flexibility in female futsal players . <em>Revista Internacional de Medicina y Ciencias de La Actividad Física y Del Deporte</em>, <em>15</em>(60), 647–662. <br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.60.003">http://dx.doi.org/10.15366/rimcafd2015.60.003</a></p><p>Saladin, K. S. (2011). <em>Anatomy and Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function</em> (6th ed.). McGraw-‐Hill Higher Educa_on, New York, New York.</p><p>Silva, J. F.; Detanico, D.; Floriano, L. T.; Dittrich, N.; Nascimento, P. C.; Santos, S. G., &amp; Guglielmo, L. G. (2012). Níveis de potência muscular em atletas de futebol e futsal em diferentes categorias e posições. <em>Motricidade</em>, <em>8</em>(1), 14.<br /> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.8(1).233">http://dx.doi.org/10.6063/motricidade.8(1).233</a></p><p>Teixeira, A.; Marine, D. A.; Dominguos, M. M.; Bertucci, D. R.; Cury, M. F.; Botero, J. P., &amp; Leite, R. D. (2014). Caracterização da composição corporal, potência aeróbia, anaeróbia e força de membros inferiores de adolescentes praticantes de futsal com diferentes frequências semanais de treinamento. <em>Revista Brasileira de Reabilitação e Atividade Física</em>, <em>3</em>(1).<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.22591.41129">https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.22591.41129</a> </p><p>Teixeira, A. S.; Arins, F. B.; De Lucas, R. D.; Carminatti, L. J.; Dittrich, N.; Nakamura, F. Y., &amp; Guglielmo, L. G. A. (2019). Comparative effects of two interval shuttle-run training modes on physiological and performance adaptations in female professional futsal players. <em>The Journal of Strength &amp; Conditioning Research</em>, 33(5), 1416-1428.<br /> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002186">https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002186</a></p><p>Vidal Andreato, L.; Del Conti Esteves, J. V.; Alves De Souza, E.; Magnani Branco, B. H.; Leme Gonçalves Panissa, V., &amp; Franzói De Moraes, S. M. (2013). Anthropometric and motor characteristics of Brazilian futsal athletes at state level. <em>Medicina Dello Sport</em>, <em>66</em>(2), 211–221.  </p><p> </p> 2020-06-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##