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Participación digital del público en la ciencia de excelencia española: análisis de los proyectos financiados por el European Research Council

Lourdes López-Pérez, María-Dolores Olvera-Lobo

Resumen


Se analiza cómo la ciencia excelente usa las aplicaciones web 2.0 para fomentar la participación del público en el proceso de investigación. Se entiende participación desde la perspectiva de la investigación e innovación responsables, no sólo como la comunicación de los resultados científicos, sino también como la implicación de la sociedad en el desarrollo científico. Para el análisis se ha diseñado y validado una encuesta ad hoc mediante el método Delphi. La muestra de estudio está constituida por los proyectos españoles financiados por el European Research Council en 2015. Entre los resultados obtenidos destaca el reducido uso de las herramientas digitales. De hecho, sólo el 23,9% de los proyectos tiene web y menos de un 15% perfiles sociales. En cuanto a los mecanismos de participación, un limitado 3% utiliza la web 2.0 para implicar a los ciudadanos. Sobre las características de la comunicación se puede concluir que es unidireccional desde la institución-responsable del proyecto hacia la sociedad –97% de los casos– y presenta un alto nivel de especialización –en más del 80% de los casos se utiliza un lenguaje técnico y los mensajes publicados están dirigidos a expertos–.


Palabras clave


Comunicación científica; Comunicación pública de la ciencia; Participación; Medios sociales; Redes sociales; Internet; Investigación e innovación responsables; RRI; Proyectos de investigación; Método Delphi.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2019.ene.06

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